Queen Elizabeth II Gold Silver Coin Old Medal Royal Mint Regalia London Vintage • $11.55 (2024)

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Seller: anddownthewaterfall ✉️ (34,024) 99.8%, Location: Greater Manchester, GB, Ships to: WORLDWIDE, Item: 364934927091 Queen Elizabeth II Gold Silver Coin Old Medal Royal Mint Regalia London Vintage. Queen Elizabeth II 2012 Diamond Jubilee Coin This is a Commemorative Silver & Gold Plated Coin to mark Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee 2012 When she reached the milestone of 60 years on the Throne This Medal was struck and minted by the Royal Mint The obverse of the medal depicts a portrait of the young queen, along with the modern portrait. In the centre is a crown and other royal regalia The reverse depicts images of national symbols/animals Lion, Unicorn, Harp and Dragon from England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. The unicorn and dragon are similar to the 2016 £1 coin design. A Specification: Diameter: 38.6mm Weight: about an ounce Alloy: Base Metal Presented in a clear coin wallet. A Beautiful coin and Magnificent Keepsake Souvenir of Great Lady In Excellent Condition Sorry about the poor quality photos. They dont do the coin justice which looks a lot better in real life Would make an Excellent Gift or Collectable Keepsake of a great woman Comes in air-tight acrylic coin holder The silver and gold plated coin is 40mm in diameter and weights about an ounce In Excellent Condition Would make an Excellent Present or Collectable Keepsake souvenir Starting at a Penny...With No Reserve..If your the only bidder you win it for 1p....Grab a Bargain!!!! To see my other Royal Items > Check out my other items ! Bid with Confidence - Check My Positive Feedback from over 15,000 Satisfied Customers I always combine multiple items and discount postage on them so Why Not Check out my other items ! All Payment Methods in All Major Currencies Accepted. Instant Automatic Feedback Left Immediatly after Reciving Payment Be sure to add me to your favourites list ! All Items Dispatched within 24 hours of Receiving Payment. Thanks for Looking and Best of Luck with the Bidding!! I have sold items to coutries such as Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL) * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL) * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL) * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL) * Sint Maarten (NL) * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe and major cities such as Tokyo, Yokohama, New York City, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Mexico City, Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto, Manila, Mumbai, Delhi, Jakarta, Lagos, Kolkata, Cairo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Moscow, Shanghai, Karachi, Paris, Istanbul, Nagoya, Beijing, Chicago, London, Shenzhen, Essen, Düsseldorf, Tehran, Bogota, Lima, Bangkok, Johannesburg, East Rand, Chennai, Taipei, Baghdad, Santiago, Bangalore, Hyderabad, St Petersburg, Philadelphia, Lahore, Kinshasa, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, Madrid, Tianjin, Kuala Lumpur, Toronto, Milan, Shenyang, Dallas, Fort Worth, Boston, Belo Horizonte, Khartoum, Riyadh, Singapore, Washington, Detroit, Barcelona,, Houston, Athens, Berlin, Sydney, Atlanta, Guadalajara, San Francisco, Oakland, Montreal, Monterey, Melbourne, Ankara, Recife, Phoenix/Mesa, Durban, Porto Alegre, Dalian, Jeddah, Seattle, Cape Town, San Diego, Fortaleza, Curitiba, Rome, Naples, Minneapolis, St. Paul, Tel Aviv, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lisbon, Manchester, San Juan, Katowice, Tashkent, f*ckuoka, Baku, Sumqayit, St. Louis, Baltimore, Sapporo, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Taichung, Warsaw, Denver, Cologne, Bonn, Hamburg, Dubai, Pretoria, Vancouver, Beirut, Budapest, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Campinas, Harare, Brasilia, Kuwait, Munich, Portland, Brussels, Vienna, San Jose, Damman , Copenhagen, Brisbane, Riverside, San Bernardino, Cincinnati and Accra Regalia Regalia is a Latin plurale tantum word that has different definitions. In one rare definition, it refers to the exclusive privileges of a sovereign. The word originally referred to the elaborate formal dress and dress accessories of a sovereign, but now the word usually refers to any type of elaborate formal dress and dress accessories. King Haakon VII and Queen Maud of Norway with their regalia[1] in 1906 King Oscar II of Sweden, his crown prince Gustaf (V) and grandson Gustaf (VI) Adolf in their crowns and coronets on a state occasion about 1900 The word stems from the Latin substantivation of the adjective regalis, "regal", itself from rex, "king". It is sometimes used in the singular, regale.[note 1] In the abstract Main article: Droit de régale The term can refer to the rights, prerogatives, and privileges that are held exclusively by any sovereign, regardless of title (emperor, grand duke, etc.). An example of that is the right to mint coins, and especially coins that bear one's own effigy. In many cases, especially in feudal societies and generally weak states, such rights have in time been eroded by grants to, or usurpations by, lesser vassals. Royal dress, accessories, and associated pomp Regalia of the past kings of Bavaria, Residenz Palace treasury, Munich Some emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of imperial, royal, or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's scepter) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to, a divinity. The term 'crown jewels' is commonly used to refer to regalia items that are designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations. They feature some combination of precious materials, artistic merit, and symbolic or historical value. Crown jewels may have been designated at the start of a dynasty, accumulated through many years of tradition, or sent as tangible recognition of legitimacy by some leader such as the pope to an emperor or caliph. Each culture, even each monarchy and dynasty within one culture, may have its own historical traditions, and some even have a specific name for its regalia, or at least for an important subset, such as: The Honours of Scotland The Nigerian Royal Regalia The Three Sacred Treasures of the Emperor of Japan The Imperial Regalia of the emperors and kings of the Holy Roman Empire But some elements occur in many traditions. Headgear Austrian Imperial Crown Crowns and variations (diadem, tiara) Cap of Maintenance Other regal dress and jewelry Armills—bracelets (Ermine) coronation mantle Gloves Barmi (Бармы) or barmas, a detachable silk collar with medallions of precious material sewn to it,[2] as used in Moscovy Rings, symbolizing the monarch's "marriage" to the state (in the case of the Doge of the Republic of Venice, to its lifeblood, the sea); or as a signet-ring, a practical attribute of his power to command legally Hand-held symbols of power The Royal Scepter of Boris III of Bulgaria Danish globus cruciger. Part of the Danish Crown Regalia. The Holy Crown of Hungary along with other regalia. Replicas of the Crown of Bolesław I the Brave and other regalia. The Throne, Crown and the Sword of Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy, the last King of Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka. Orb (globus cruciger) Scepter, including the French Hand of Justice Mace Sword - for examples, see Sword of Justice; Sword of State; Sword of Mercy (known also as Edward the Confessor's Sword) Other weapons, such as a dagger (as in Arabian and Indian traditions), a spear, or a royal kris (in Malay traditions) Crook and flail Fly-whisk; In Japan, it is said to have some of the power of Amaterasu. Seals, such as the Heirloom Seal of the Realm, represented imperial authority under the Mandate of Heaven in China. Other hand-held symbols Regalia can also stand for other attributes or virtues, i.e. what is expected from the holder. Thus the Imperial Regalia of Japan (Japanese: 三種の神器, romanized: Sanshu no Jingi, or "Three Sacred Treasures"), also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan as follows: The sword, Kusanagi (草薙剣) (or possibly a replica of the original; located at Atsuta Shrine in Nagoya) represents valor The jewel or necklace of jewels, Yasakani no magatama (八尺瓊曲玉; at Kokyo in Tokyo), represents benevolence The mirror, Yata no kagami (八咫鏡), located in the Ise Shrine in Mie Prefecture, represents wisdom Since 690, the presentation of these items to the emperor by the priests at the shrine are a central part of the imperial enthronement ceremony. As this ceremony is not public, the regalia are by tradition only seen by the emperor and certain priests, and no known photographs or drawings exist. Coronation paraphernalia Some regalia objects are presented and/or used in the formal ceremony of enthronement/coronation. They can be associated with an office or court sinecure (cfr. archoffices) that enjoys the privilege to carry, present and/or use it at the august occasion, and sometimes on other formal occasions, such as a royal funeral. Such objects, with or without intrinsic symbolism, can include Anointing utensils: Sacred ampulla containing the ointment. Spoon for the same ointment. Alternatively, the monarchies of Norway and Sweden have an anointment horn. A Bible used for swearing in the monarch as the new sovereign. Cage with a bird (wren) for wren hunting in Celtic ceremonies.[3] Coronation stone e.g. Stone of Scone or Lia Fáil. Companions' attributes Apart from the sovereign himself, attributes (especially a crown) can be used for close relatives who are allowed to share in the pomp. For example, in Norway, the queen consort and the crown prince are the only other members of the royal family to possess these attributes and share in the sovereign's royal symbolism. Reserved color In the Roman Empire, the color Tyrian purple, produced with an extremely expensive Mediterranean mollusk extract, was in principle reserved for the imperial court. The use of this dye was extended to various dignitaries, such as members of the Roman senate, who wore stripes of Tyrian purple on their white togas, for whom the term purpuratus was coined as a high aulic distinction. In late imperial China, the color yellow was reserved for the emperor, as it had a multitude of meanings. Yellow was a symbol of gold, and thus wealth and power, and since it was also the color that symbolized the center in Chinese cosmology (the five elements, or wu xing(五行)), it was the perfect way to refer to the emperor, who was always in the center of the universe. Consequently, peasants and noblemen alike were forbidden to wear robes made entirely out of yellow, although they were allowed to use the color sparingly. Additional display Copy of University of Olomouc rector's mace Umbrella / canopy Fan(s) Standard(s) Mace(s) Music, such as A fanfare or other specific piece of music Reserved instruments, such as silver trumpets, or in India (especially Mewar) the Nakkara drum The ceremonial Nobat orchestra is a formal requirement for a valid Malaysian coronation. Non-royal regalia Republics In republics, the presidential sash, common especially in Latin American countries but appearing elsewhere in the world as well, has a role similar to that of royal regalia: distinguishing the head of state. Academic regalia Main article: Academic dress Academic dress is a traditional form of clothing for academic settings, primarily tertiary (and sometimes secondary) education, worn mainly by those who have been admitted to a university degree (or similar), or hold a status that entitles them to assume them (e.g., undergraduate students at certain old universities). It is also known as academicals and, in the United States, as academic regalia. Other regalia Sotho regalia in South Africa Another example of non-royal regalia is the traditional dress that is worn by Native American peoples in the United States, and First Nations peoples in Canada for ceremonial purposes, such as Pow Wow dancing.[4] See also Bergregal Crown jewels Jura regalia Papal regalia and insignia Regalia of Norway Regalia of Sweden Regalia of the Russian tsars Right of coinage in the Holy Roman Empire Royal Family Throne Notes As in the Upper Harz Water Regale, a royal right granted for use of water resources in the Harz mountains of Germany. References The Royal Regalia at royalcourt.no "Moscow Kremlin Museums: EXHIBITIONS". www.kreml.ru. Régalia 2011 éd. Imago. (in French) McCue, Duncan. "First Nations law student gets OK to wear regalia to call to bar in Ontario". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 15 June 2016. External links Look up regalia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Regalia entry at the Catholic Encyclopedia vte Crowns Austria Imperial Crown of AustriaCrown of Empress ElizabethArchducal hat Archducal hat of TyrolArchducal hat of Joseph IIDucal hat of Styria Balkans Crown of Zvonimir (Croatia)Crown of GreeceDiamond Crown (Bulgaria)Crown of Skanderbeg (Albania) Bohemia Crown of Saint WenceslasCrown of the Środa Treasure British Isles Crown of Princess BlancheCrown of ScotlandSt Edward's CrownCrown of Mary of ModenaTudor CrownState Crown of George ICoronet of Frederick, Prince of WalesCoronation Crown of George IVCrown of Queen AdelaideImperial State CrownSmall Diamond Crown of Queen VictoriaCrown of Queen AlexandraCoronet of George, Prince of WalesCrown of Queen MaryImperial Crown of IndiaCrown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen MotherCoronet of Charles, Prince of Wales Denmark Christian IV's CrownChristian V's Crown France Crown of CharlemagneSainte CouronneCrown of Louis XVCrown of Napoleon ICrown of Charles XCrown of Napoleon IIICrown of Empress Eugénie Germany Crown of Wilhelm I (Prussia)German State CrownCrown of Wilhelm II (Prussia)Royal Crown of BavariaRoyal Crown of WürttembergRoyal Crown of HanoverGrand Ducal Crown of BadenCrown of Frederick I (Prussia)Crown of Sophie Charlotte (Prussia)Electoral Hat of Saxony Holy Roman Empire Reliquary Crown of Henry IIImperial Crown of the Holy Roman EmpireImperial Crowns of Charles VIIReliquary Crown of Otto IICrown of Otto IIIReliquary Crown of Empress CunigundeSalian Funeral Crowns of SpiresKamelaukion of Frederick II or Constance of SicilyReliquary Crown of Charlemagne (14th century)Crown of Margaret of York Holy See Papal tiaraNapoleon Tiara Hungary Holy Crown of HungaryCrown of Stephen Bocskai Italy Crown of ItalyNapoleonic Crown of ItalyIron CrownGrand Ducal Crown of Tuscany Norway Norwegian Crown Prince's CoronetCrown of NorwayCrown of the Queen of Norway Poland Crown of Bolesław I the BraveSwedish CrownMuscovy CrownHungarian CrownHomagial CrownFuneral CrownQueen's CrownCrown of Augustus IICrown of Augustus IIICrown of Maria JosephaPłock Diadem Portugal Crown of João VIDiadem of the Stars Romania Crown of ElisabetaCrown of MariaSteel Crown of Romania Russia "Cap of Monomakh"Crown of Kazan TzardomCrown of Tsar Michael FyodorovichCap of Monomakh of the second setDiamond crown of Tsar Peter IDiamond crown of Tsar Ivan VAltabas crown of the third setCrown of Empress Catherine ICrown of Empress Anna IvanovnaGreat Imperial CrownMaltese CrownSmall Imperial Crown Serbia Crown of SerbiaNemanjić CrownCrown of Peter I (Serbia and Yugoslavia) Spain Royal Crown of SpainCrown of Sancho IV Sweden Crown of Eric XIVCrown of the QueenCrown of Queen ChristinaCrown of the Heir Apparent Other European Duchy crown of the Princes of LiechtensteinCrown of the NetherlandsCrown of Rus (Ukraine) Africa Crowns of EgyptCrown of MadagascarCrown of Ranavalona III (Madagascar)Silver crown of Emperor Tewodros (Ethiopia) Americas Crown of Faustin I (Haiti)Crown of Pedro I (Brazil)Imperial Crown of BrazilImperial Crown of Mexico Asia Raven Crown (Bhutan)Yishanguan (China)Sasanian crowns (Iran)Empress Crown (Iran)Kiani Crown (Iran)Pahlavi Crown (Iran)Shreepech Crown (Nepal)Crown of Baekje (Korea)Crown of Gaya (Korea)Crown of Silla (Korea)Great Crown of Victory (Siam/Thailand)Crown of Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Sri Lanka Oceania Crown of HawaiiCrown of TahitiCrown of Tonga See also CoronationCrown jewelsHeir apparentHeir presumptiveKingMonarchyQueenRegaliaRoyal family vte Regalia and crown jewels by country AlbaniaAustriaBrazilBulgariaCzechiaDenmarkFranceGeorgiaGermany BavariaPrussiaWürttembergGreeceHoly Roman EmpireHungaryIranIrelandItaly LombardyNaplesSicilyTuscanyVeniceJapanMalaysiaNetherlands JewelleryNigeriaNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaSerbiaSpainSwedenThailandUnited Kingdom ScotlandWales Extant monarchies in boldFormer or historical sovereign states shown in italics vte Coronation and enthronement Regalia CrownCoronation crownCrown jewelsDiademTiaraArmillRingGlobus cruciger (orb)SceptreSwordMantle Charles-vii-courronement- Panthéon III.jpg ItemsRituals ThroneAnointingEnthronementInvestiture By continent Africathe AmericasAsiaEuropeOceania Specific customs Antiquity Ancient EgyptianBohemianBrazilianBritishBulgarianBurmeseByzantineCentral AfricanDanishDutchFrench royalNapoleonHoly RomanHungarianJapaneseMalaysianNepaleseNorwegianOttomanPapalPolishRussianSerbianSpanishSwedishThaiothers See also Pretender List of currentPapabileOrder of succession Royal Family tree and line of succession Queen Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She has four children, eight grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. Her husband, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, died on 9 April 2021, aged 99. The prince married Princess Elizabeth in 1947, five years before she became Queen. Find out more about the Royal Family and the line of succession below. The Queen is the UK's longest-serving monarch, having reigned for almost 70 years. Born in 1926, Princess Elizabeth became queen on the death of her father, King George VI, in 1952. She married Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1947 and the couple had four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward. A former prince of Denmark and Greece, Prince Philip was born in 1921 and served in the British Royal Navy in World War Two. He was the longest-serving consort of any British monarch, and retired from royal duties in 2017 having completed more than 22,000 solo engagements. He died on 9 April 2021. Short presentational grey line Line of succession 1. The Prince of Wales Born: 1948 Prince Charles IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES The Prince of Wales is the Queen's eldest son and first in line to the throne. On 29 July 1981 he married Lady Diana Spencer, who became the Princess of Wales. The couple had two sons, William and Harry. They later separated and their marriage was dissolved in 1996. On 31 August 1997, the princess was killed in a car crash in Paris. Prince Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles on 9 April 2005. As heir to the throne, his main duties are to support the Queen in her royal commitments. 2. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Born: 1982 Prince William IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Prince William is the elder son of the Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, and is second in line to the throne. The duke was 15 when his mother died. He went on to study at St Andrews University, where he met his future wife, Kate Middleton. The couple were married in 2011. On his 21st birthday he was appointed a Counsellor of State - standing in for the Queen on official occasions. He and his wife had their first child, George, in July 2013, their second, Charlotte, in 2015 and third, Louis, in 2018. The prince trained with the Army, Royal Navy and RAF before spending three years as an RAF search-and-rescue pilot with RAF Valley on Anglesey, north Wales. He also worked part-time for two years as a co-pilot with the East Anglian Air Ambulance alongside his royal duties. He left the role in July 2017 to take on more royal duties on behalf of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh. 3. Prince George of Cambridge Born: 2013 Prince George of Cambridge IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Prince George of Cambridge was born on 22 July 2013 at St Mary's Hospital in London. Prince William was present for the birth of his son, who weighed 8lb 6oz (3.8kg). He started primary school in September 2017. Prince George is third in line to the throne, after his father and grandfather. 4. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge Born: 2015 Princess Charlotte of Cambridge IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES The duch*ess of Cambridge gave birth to her second child, a girl on 2 May 2015, again at St Mary's Hospital. The Duke of Cambridge was present for the birth of the 8lb 3oz (3.7kg) baby. The duke and duch*ess named her Charlotte Elizabeth Diana. She is fourth in line to the throne and is known as Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge. 5. Prince Louis of Cambridge Born: 2018 Prince Louis of Cambridge IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES The duch*ess of Cambridge gave birth to her third child, a boy weighing 8lbs 7oz, on 23 April, 2018 at St Mary's Hospital in London. The Duke of Cambridge was present for the birth of Louis Arthur Charles. 6. Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex Born: 1984 Prince Harry IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Prince Harry trained at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and went on to become a lieutenant in the Army, serving as a helicopter pilot. During his 10 years in the Armed Forces, Capt Wales, as he became known, saw active service in Afghanistan twice, in 2012 to 2013 as an Apache helicopter co-pilot and gunner. He left the Army in 2015 and now focuses on charitable work, including conservation in Africa and organising the Invictus Games for injured members of the armed forces. He has been a Counsellor of State since his 21st birthday and stood in for the Queen on official duties. He married US actress Meghan Markle on 19 May, 2018, at Windsor Castle. In January 2020, the royal couple said they would step back as "senior" royals and divide their time between the UK and North America. They said they intended to "work to become financially independent". Just over a year later, Buckingham Palace confirmed the couple would not be returning to royal duties, and would give up their honorary military appointments and royal patronages. 7. Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor Born: 2019 Archie IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES The Sussexes' first child, Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor, was born on 6 May 2019, weighing 7lbs 3oz, with the duke present for his birth. By naming him as they did, the couple chose not to use a title for their first born. When the name was announced, BBC royal correspondent Jonny Dymond said the decision was a strong indication the couple did not want to bring him up as a formal royal. 8. Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor Born: 2021 The duch*ess of Sussex gave birth to her second child in Santa Barbara, California. on 4 June 2021. Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor - to be known as Lili - is named after the Royal Family's nickname for the Queen and is her 11th great-grandchild. She was given the middle name Diana in honour of Prince Harry's mother, who died in a car crash in 1997 when he was 12 years old. 9. The Duke of York Born: 1960 Prince Andrew IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Prince Andrew, ninth in line to the throne, was the third child of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh - but the first to be born to a reigning monarch for 103 years. He was created the Duke of York on his marriage to Sarah Ferguson, who became duch*ess of York, in 1986. They had two daughters - Beatrice, in 1988, and Eugenie, in 1990. In March 1992 it was announced the duke and duch*ess were to separate. They divorced in 1996. The duke served for 22 years in the Royal Navy and saw active service in the Falklands War in 1982. In addition to royal engagements, he served as a special trade representative for the government until 2011. Prince Andrew stepped away from royal duties in 2019 after an interview with the BBC about his relationship with US financier Jeffrey Epstein, who killed himself while awaiting trial on sex-trafficking and conspiracy charges. The duke was heavily criticised for his friendship with Epstein, but he said he did not witness any suspicious behaviour during visits to the US financier's home. In a statement, announcing he was stepping back from public duties for the foreseeable future, the duke said he unequivocally regretted his "ill-judged association with Jeffrey Epstein". 10. Princess Beatrice Born: 1988 Beatrice IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Princess Beatrice is the elder daughter of Prince Andrew and Sarah, duch*ess of York. Her full title is Her Royal Highness Princess Beatrice of York. She has no official surname, but uses the name York. She married property tycoon Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi at The Royal Chapel of All Saints at Royal Lodge, Windsor, in July 2020. The couple had been due to marry in May, but cvirus delayed the plans. Princess Beatrice had a baby girl, Sienna Elizabeth, in September 2021, who becomes the 11th in line to the throne and is the Queen's 12th great-grandchild. Princess Beatrice is also stepmother to Mr Mapelli Mozzi's son Christopher Woolf, known as Wolfie, from his previous relationship with Dara Huang. 12. Princess Eugenie Born: 1990 Princess Eugenie IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Princess Eugenie is the younger daughter of Prince Andrew and Sarah, duch*ess of York. Her full title is Her Royal Highness Princess Eugenie of York and she is 12th in line to the throne. Like her sister Princess Beatrice, she has no official surname, but uses "York". She married her long-term boyfriend Jack Brooksbank at Windsor Castle on 12 October 2018. 13. August Philip Hawke Brooksbank Born: 2021 August Brooksbank IMAGE SOURCE,PRINCESS EUGENIE Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank's son, August, born on 9 February 2021, is the Queen's ninth great-grandchild. 14. The Earl of Wessex Born: 1964 Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Prince Edward was given the title Earl of Wessex and Viscount Severn on his marriage to Sophie Rhys-Jones in 1999. The couple have two children, Lady Louise, born in 2003 and James, Viscount Severn, born in 2007. After a brief period with the Royal Marines, the prince formed his own TV production company. He now supports the Queen in her official duties and carries out public engagements for charities. The birth of Princess Beatrice's daughter in September means he move down one place to become 14th in line to the throne. 15. James, Viscount Severn Born: 2007 Viscount Severn IMAGE SOURCE,PA Viscount Severn is the younger child of the Earl and Countess of Wessex. The couple decided to give their children "courtesy" titles as sons or daughters of an Earl, rather than the style prince or princess. It is thought this decision was made to avoid some of the burdens of royal titles. 16. Lady Louise Born: 2003 Lady Louise, 2022 IMAGE SOURCE,PA MEDIA Born in 2003, Lady Louise Windsor is the elder child of the Earl and Countess of Wessex. 17. The Princess Royal Born: 1950 Princess Anne IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Anne, Princess Royal is the Queen's second child and only daughter. When she was born she was third in line to the throne, but is now 17th. She was given the title Princess Royal in June 1987. Princess Anne has married twice; her first husband Captain Mark Phillips is the father of her two children, Peter and Zara, while her second is Vice-Admiral Timothy Laurence. The princess was the first royal to use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor in an official document, in the marriage register after her wedding to Capt Phillips. She competed in equestrian events for Great Britain in the 1976 Montreal Olympics and is involved with a number of charities, including Save the Children, of which she has been president since 1970. 18. Peter Phillips Born: 1977 Peter Phillips IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Peter Phillips is the eldest of the Queen's grandchildren. He married Canadian Autumn Kelly in 2008 and together they have two daughters, Savannah, born in 2010, and Isla, born in 2012. The children of the Princess Royal do not have royal titles, as they are descended from the female line. Mark Phillips refused the offer of an earldom when he married so their children do not have courtesy titles. Peter Phillips and his wife announced they were getting divorced in February 2020. 19. Savannah Phillips Born: 2010 Savannah, 2022 IMAGE SOURCE,PA MEDIA Savannah, born in 2010, is the elder daughter of Peter and Autumn Phillips and the Queen's first great-grandchild. 20. Isla Phillips Born: 2012 Isla Phillips, 2022 IMAGE SOURCE,PA MEDIA Isla, born in 2012, is the second daughter of Peter and Autumn Phillips. 21. Zara Tindall Born: 1981 Zara Phillips IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES Zara Tindall followed her mother and father with a highly successful riding career - including winning a silver medal at the London 2012 Olympics. She married former England rugby player Mike Tindall in 2011 and the couple had their first child, Mia Grace, in 2014. The children of the Princess Royal do not hold a royal title, as they are descended from the female line, but she remains 21st in line to the throne. Their father, Mark Phillips, turned down an earldom when he married Princess Anne, so they do not have courtesy titles. 22. Mia Grace Tindall Born: 2014 Mia Grace Tindall IMAGE SOURCE,GETTY IMAGES The Queen's granddaughter Zara Tindall gave birth to her first child, Mia Grace, in January 2014. 23. Lena Elizabeth Tindall Born: 2018 Lena Elizabeth, 2022 IMAGE SOURCE,PA MEDIA The couple's second child - the Queen's seventh great-grandchild - was born on 18 June 2018 at Stroud Maternity Unit, Gloucestershire, weighing 9lb 3oz. Lena Elizabeth was named in honour of her great-grandmother. Like her sister, Lena Elizabeth does not have a royal title and so will also be known as Miss Tindall. Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II The National Carillon, Canberra lit in royal purple to mark the start of the Platinum Jubilee year Genre Jubilee of the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms Date(s) 6 February 2022 Country United Kingdom Canada Australia New Zealand Crown Dependencies British Overseas Territories Commonwealth of Nations Previous event Sapphire Jubilee of Elizabeth II Website platinumjubilee.royal.uk (Royal website) platinumjubilee.gov.uk (British Government website) platinumjubilee.gov.au (Australian Government website) canada.ca/platinum-jubilee (Canadian Government website) gg.govt.nz/office-governor-general/queens-platinum-jubilee (New Zealand Government website) gov.ky/jubilee (Cayman Islands Government website) platinumjubilee.gg (States of Guernsey website) gov.im/platinumjubilee (Isle of Man Government website) The Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II is being celebrated in 2022 in the Commonwealth to mark the 70th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II on 6 February 1952.[1][2] The celebration plans were formally unveiled in full by Buckingham Palace on 10 January 2022.[3] In the United Kingdom, there will be an extra bank holiday, and the usual Spring bank holiday will be moved from the end of May to the start of June, to create a four-day Jubilee bank holiday weekend from Thursday 2 June to Sunday 5 June.[4] The British government has promised a "once-in-a-generation show" that will "mix the best of British ceremonial splendour and pageantry with cutting-edge artistic and technological displays".[5] This is the first time that any British monarch has celebrated a platinum jubilee.[6] Initiatives to commemorate the Platinum Jubilee were also announced by the governments of other Commonwealth nations and territories, including Australia, Canada, Cayman Islands, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. The Queen's Accession Day 2022 As I look ahead with a sense of hope and optimism to the year of my Platinum Jubilee, I am reminded of how much we can be thankful for. These last seven decades have seen extraordinary progress socially, technologically and culturally that have benefitted us all; and I am confident that the future will offer similar opportunities to us and especially to the younger generations in the United Kingdom and throughout the Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth II, 2022[7] In her Accession Day message, the Queen said that she hoped the Platinum Jubilee would bring together families and friends, neighbours and communities. She said that the Jubilee "affords me a time to reflect on the goodwill shown to me by people of all nationalities, faiths and ages in this country and around the world over these years". She thanked everyone for their support, loyalty and affection, and signed the message "Your Servant".[7][8] Picture and footage of the Queen working from her red boxes at Sandringham House were released to mark Accession Day.[9][10] The Prince of Wales released a statement in which he said that the Queen's devotion to the welfare of all her people inspired still greater admiration with each passing year.[11] Tributes and messages of congratulations came from leaders all over the world, including US President Joe Biden, Chinese President Xi Jinping, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, King Harald V of Norway, King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand, UAE President Sheikh Khalifa, and Israeli President Isaac Herzog.[12] Celebrations throughout the Commonwealth For the first time, Jubilee Beacons will be lit in every capital city of each Commonwealth country.[13] The Queen's Baton for the 2022 Commonwealth Games features a platinum strand along its length.[14] The Royal Mint and the Royal Canadian Mint partnered to create a two-coin set, with each mint designing a coin for the set.[15] The silver coin designed by the Royal Mint has an equestrian portrait of the Queen on the reverse and a royal mantle on the obverse. The silver coin designed from the Royal Canadian Mint has a reverse design that depicts the Queen in 1952, while the obverse has the effigy of the Queen used on Canadian coins since 2003.[16] Members of the Royal Family will undertake a series of royal tours of Commonwealth countries.[17] The Commonwealth Day Service at Westminster Abbey on 14 March reflected the Jubilee with a special focus on the role that service plays in the lives of people and communities across the Commonwealth.[18] Antigua and Barbuda The Earl and Countess of Wessex visited Antigua and Barbuda in April.[19] Ahead of the visit, the Antigua and Barbuda Reparations Support Commission penned an open letter criticising the royal family's past comments on slavery.[20] During their visit on 25 April, the couple interacted with local craftspeople, creatives and community groups, and visited Sir Vivian Richards Stadium and the National Sailing Academy.[21] At Government House, they presented three Platinum Jubilee medals to three people to recognise their service to national security.[22] During their meeting with Prime Minister Gaston Browne and his cabinet, Browne stated that the country would continue to have the Queen as head of state but said he aspires "at some point to become a republic".[23] He also asked the couple to use their "diplomatic influence" to get "reparatory justice" for Antigua and Barbuda.[23] Australia Queen Elizabeth II is the first Australian monarch to celebrate a platinum jubilee.[24] A range of national and community events will be held in Australia.[25] "We plan to hold a range of events to coincide with key dates throughout 2022, to show our respect and appreciation for seven decades of service", Prime Minister Scott Morrison said.[25] Commemorative events in Australia will be announced throughout the year.[25] The Australian Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment has also launched a tree planting initiative. The Australian Government will provide up to A$15.1 million of grant funding in 2022 to eligible groups and organisations for community-based tree planting events.[26][27] Australians will be able to submit a personal message to the Queen.[25] Emblem The Australian Platinum Jubilee Emblem The Australian Platinum Jubilee Emblem was unveiled by the Australian Government in March 2022. The emblem can be used for official and recognised events in Australia to celebrate the Jubilee.[28][29] The design is a stylised representation of the Queen's Wattle Spray Brooch, which was gifted to the Queen during her first visit to Australia in 1954. The emblem contains three colours – platinum, gold and purple. The platinum colour represents the Queen's 70 years on the throne, and the purple colour symbolises royalty. The gold is drawn from the golden wattle, Australia's national floral emblem. The font used is Perpetua, that means 'forever' which acknowledges that the Queen is Australia's "first platinum" monarch.[28][29] Accession Day events On 6 February, buildings, vice-regal residences, and monuments throughout Australia were lit in royal purple to mark the anniversary of the accession, and the start of the Jubilee year.[30] Statements were released by Morrison and Governor-General David Hurley.[31][32] Tributes were also paid by the governors of the Australian states.[33][34][35] To mark the start of the Platinum Jubilee year, buildings across Australia were lit in royal purple. Left to right: the High Court of Australia, the John Gorton Building, the National Library of Australia, and the National Portrait Gallery. Accession Day services were held in churches across Australia. In Canberra, a Festal Evensong was held at St Paul's Church, Manuka, which was attended by the governor-general of Australia.[36][37] Several state governors also attended Choral Evensong services, including the governor of New South Wales at St James' Church, Sydney,[38][39] the governor of Tasmania at St David's Cathedral, Hobart,[40] the governor of Victoria at St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne,[41][42] the governor of Western Australia at St George's Cathedral, Perth,[43][44][45] and the governor of South Australia at St Paul's Anglican Church, Port Adelaide.[46] The latter event was also attended by the premier of South Australia.[47][48] Choral Evensong and commemorative church services were also held in several other churches in Australia, including All Saints Anglican Church in St Kilda, Victoria,[49] St Bridgid's Catholic Church in Cowwarr, St John's Church in Melbourne,[46] and St John's Cathedral in Brisbane.[50] In New South Wales, commemorative services were also held at St Andrew's Cathedral, St Paul's Anglican Church, Burwood, and Christ Church St Laurence.[46][51] Events leading up to June On 3 February, the governor of Victoria hosted a reception at Government House, Melbourne to mark the Jubilee. Those in attendance included representatives from Victorian organisations to which the Queen and other members of the Royal family have a connection.[42] On 5 February, the governor of New South Wales hosted a tree planting and garden reception to commemorate the Jubilee, at Government House, Sydney. The governor planted a red oak to mark the Jubilee.[52] From 5 February to 27 February, Parliament House hosted guided tours, titled Platinum Jubilee in portrait. These featured artistic representations of the Queen from the Parliament House art collection, including Sir William Dargie's Wattle Queen, the statue of the Queen in the Queen's Terrace Café, and depictions of the State Opening of Parliament in 1954 and 1974 and the opening of Parliament House in 1988.[53] On 7 February, the governor of Tasmania hosted a reception for the Royal Over-Seas League and other Commonwealth societies, to celebrate the Jubilee.[54] The Crown is above politics, and she has upheld that throughout her reign. A unifying force that highlights good causes and brings people together. And in the moments of trial and testing times that she has known over her life, both personally and as Monarch and Sovereign, she speaks for us all and to us all. Scott Morrison, Prime Minister of Australia, 2022[55] On 8 February, a motion introduced by Morrison was passed by the Australian House of Representatives, in which the House offered their "warmest congratulations" to the Queen on her Platinum Jubilee. In the speech, Morrison said, "Her Majesty has been the reigning sovereign for 15 Australian Prime Ministers, 16 Governors-General, 14 British Prime Ministers, around 170 Commonwealth Prime Ministers, and also seven James Bonds – one of whom Her Majesty worked with very closely". The Leader of the Opposition, Anthony Albanese, also offered his congratulations, and said "She is a Queen who has let her humanity show, she has been with us in times of hardship even as she has endured her own".[55][56] On 13 March, Government House, Brisbane hosted an open day as part of the Jubilee celebrations, allowing the public to tour parts of the building and the gardens of the Fernberg estate.[57] On 14 March, Commonwealth Day, Governor-General Hurley said, "Across her remarkable reign Her Majesty has led and shaped the Commonwealth. She has kept alive its history while very much moving with the times. She has been a symbol of stability and a driving force of change".[58] The Royal Queensland Show and the Queensland Government offered a special class in the "Ekka" Cake Decorating competition to commemorate the Jubilee.[59] Memorabilia and tributes Commemorative stamps and coins were released in Australia to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[60] On 5 April 2022, two commemorative stamps were released by Australia Post: a $1.10 stamp featuring an image of the Queen from 1952 by Dorothy Wilding, and a $3.50 stamp which displays a 2019 photograph of the Queen. A range of collectables accompanied the stamp release.[61] The Perth Mint released three celebratory coins on 5 April 2022. The coins – two gold, and one silver – feature the shield of the royal coat of arms alongside the floral emblems of England, Ireland, Scotland and Australia on one side; and the Queen's first (1953) and current (2019) coin effigies on the other.[62] The Royal Australian Mint released a commemorative 50c coin on 5 May 2022. The coin depicts intertwining golden wattle branches, the national floral emblem of Australia; and the lily of the valley flowers, the Queen's favourite flower. The centre of the coin includes the Queen's royal cypher. Inspired by the 1977 Australian Silver Jubilee 50c coin, the Platinum Jubilee coin also features a fan of 70 crowns set behind a central St Edward's Crown.[63] A proposal for the government of Queensland to commission a new statue of the Queen was submitted by Jarrod Bleijie, an MP of the parliament of Queensland.[64][65] Royal tour The Princess Royal, accompanied by her husband Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence, toured Australia from 9 to 11 April.[66] On the first day of her visit, she opened the 200th Sydney Royal Easter Show, which she first opened with her parents and brother Charles in 1970. She had last attended the event in 1988.[66] She had an engagement as patron of the Royal Agricultural Society of the Commonwealth, before attending a dinner at the Sydney Olympic Park.[66] The couple also met with representatives of the New South Wales Rural Fire Service, the Royal Australian Corps of Signals and Royal Australian Corps of Transport.[66] Commemorations from June From 2 to 5 June 2022, buildings and monuments throughout Australia will be illuminated in royal purple.[67] On 2 June, the Blue Mountains Pipe Band will play the tune Diu Regnare, which has been especially written for the Jubilee, in the Blue Mountains.[68] On the same day, the Queen's Platinum Jubilee Beacon will be lit in Canberra, which will coincide with other beacon lightings throughout the Commonwealth.[69] The New South Wales Parliament will host a Jubilee High Tea and Talk on 2 June.[70] From 2 June to 31 December 2022, the National Capital Exhibition will present an exhibition, titled The Queen and Me, celebrating the Queen's 14 visits to Canberra during her 70-year reign. It will feature family photographs, and mementos of the day, and personal stories of what their interactions with the Queen has meant to the people of Canberra.[71] Aspen Island will be renamed Queen Elizabeth II Island in June 2022 On 4 June 2022, Aspen Island in Canberra's Lake Burley Griffin, an island lying within the Parliamentary Triangle and which features the National Carillon, will be renamed Queen Elizabeth II Island during a special event.[72] "Given the National Carillon was officially opened by Her Majesty in 1970, it is only fitting that Aspen Island should be renamed in recognition of her many years of service to Australia", said Morrison.[73] The ceremony will also include dedicating the new Queen Elizabeth Water Gardens, which will transform the nearby foreshore as well as improve water quality.[25][74] St Andrew's Cathedral in Sydney will host a concert Happy and Glorious on 4 June to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee, with royal music from across the centuries, including Handel's 'Zadok the Priest', Parry's 'I was Glad', Walton's thrilling 'Orb & Sceptre' Coronation march to Vaughan Williams, Byrd and Rutter, and the Australian premiere of the official Platinum Jubilee anthem: 'In Our Service'.[75][76] From 4 June to 13 June 2022, the Australian Parliament House will host special tours featuring representations of the Queen in the Parliament House art collection, such as Sir William Dargie's Wattle Queen and John Dowie's bronze statue of Queen Elizabeth II on Queen's Terrace.[77] Jubilee morning tea has been planned at several places across Australia in the month of June.[78][79][80] On 5 June, a Service of Thanksgiving for the Jubilee will take place at St John's Anglican Cathedral, Brisbane. The event will be attended by the governor of Queensland.[81] Another service of thanksgiving will be held at the Loch Public Hall.[82] To mark the Jubilee, Government House, Adelaide, will be open on 5 June for visitors to view public rooms, and see the workings of the House and view the statue of the Queen.[83] From 10 June to 30 December 2022, the Australian Racing Museum will present an online exhibition featuring collection of objects, photographs and records held in the Museum Collection to commemorate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee. The Queen is the patron of the Australian Racing Museum.[84] On 18 June, the Blackstone-Ipswich Cambrian Choir will host a concert at St Paul's Anglican Church, Ipswich, to celebrate the Queen's Jubilee. The event will feature music from the Queen's Coronation in 1953, and works with long royal associations, such as Handel's Zadok the Priest and Parry's I was glad.[85] On 6 August 2022, St John's Cathedral, Brisbane, will host The Queen's Platinum Jubilee Concert, and its proceeds will be donated to Australian Red Cross, to support Australians battling emergencies.[86] Bahamas On behalf of the Government and People of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas, we extend to her, our warmest greetings and heartiest congratulations. By any standard, seventy years of service is both historic and remarkable, and we offer Her Majesty our best wishes for her continuing good health and happiness.[87] Philip Davis, Prime Minister of the Bahamas, 2022 At the Retreat Garden National Park in Nassau, two lignum vitae trees were planted on 28 January. Participants included the members of the Bahamas National Trust, the UK High Commission in Nassau, and crew members of HMS Medway. The British High Commissioner said, "2022 will be a busy year of activity, with the Platinum Jubilee of our shared Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II, linking the UK and The Bahamas in celebration. It is great to have HMS Medway visiting and planting a tree to kick us off in January".[88][89] A series of commemorative stamps was released by the Bahamas on 17 March 2022.[90] Royal tour The duch*ess of Cambridge meeting Bahamians during a walkabout in Downtown Nassau, during the Platinum Jubilee Tour of the Bahamas The Duke and duch*ess of Cambridge visited the Bahamas from 24 to 26 March.[19][91] During their visit, the couple spent time with communities across the Bahamas and attended a junkanoo parade and the Bahamas Platinum Jubilee Sailing Regatta.[92] In the evening of 25 March, the couple attended a reception hosted by the Governor-General Sir Cornelius A. Smith at the Baha Mar Resort on Cable Beach in Nassau.[93] Belize Commemorative Platinum Jubilee medals were awarded to serving frontline members, including those who served during Hurricanes Eta and Iota that flooded much of Cayo, and to those who served during the C-19 pandemic.[94] Royal tour The Duke and duch*ess of Cambridge visited Belize from 19 to 22 March.[19][95] The couple visited the historic Mayan site of Caracol, explored Belize's world-famous Maya chocolate making, and celebrated the rich culture of the Garifuna community in Hopkins. The Duke and duch*ess also learned about the restoration efforts of Belize's barrier reef being led by communities across the country.[96][92] They also scuba-dived to learn more about the second-largest barrier reef in the world.[97] A planned visit to the Akte 'il Ha cacao farm in Indian Creek was scrapped due to local residents' protests over lack of consultation about the local football pitch earmarked for the Duke and duch*ess's helicopter landing as well as the residents' ongoing dispute over land with Fauna and Flora International, of which the Duke is a patron.[98] In the evening of 21 March, Governor-General Dame Froyla Tzalam hosted a reception at the Mayan ruins at Cahal Pech. The Duke and duch*ess, Belizean community leaders, and members of the Government of Belize were in attendance.[96] Canada [icon] This section needs expansion with: Platinum Jubilee events planned across Canada [1]. You can help by adding to it. (May 2022) The Jubilee is the first time in Canada's modern era that a Canadian monarch celebrates a platinum jubilee.[99][note 1] Planning A series of initiatives to commemorate the Jubilee have been organised by the federal government of Canada.[101] On 11 June 2021, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau had a virtual audience with the Queen, where they discussed preparations for Canadian celebrations of the Jubilee.[102][103] Provincial governments also started planning for the Jubilee in 2021.[104] Private organisations in Canada, like the Canadian branch of Rotary Club, are also preparing their own celebrations.[101] Platinum Jubilee emblem in Canada An emblem for the Jubilee in Canada was created by the Fraser Herald of Arms and registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority in December 2021.[105] The emblem includes Elizabeth II's royal cypher above a light grey coloured numeral 70; the light grey being an allusion to platinum. The cypher and numeral are surrounded by a seven-sided figure, adorned with maple leaves and pearls. The seven sides, maple leaves, and pearls represent each decade of the Queen's reign. Multiple elements of the seven-sided figure also symbolise celebration, with the rounded edges shaped being shaped like a flower petal and the maple leaves being positioned in a manner that resembles fireworks.[106][107] A Platinum Jubilee Flag that features the emblem on a white background was also created, and it will be flown at government houses and events throughout the Jubilee year.[108] The Department of Canadian Heritage has created a program that provides up to C$5,000 grant to help fund community-based projects and celebrations in Canada in honour of the Jubilee.[101][109] As Canadian Heritage considers the Jubilee an anniversary of significance for the country, larger initiatives will also be eligible to apply for the Commemorate Canada grant.[110] Through the Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee Fund, Canadian Heritage invested $2.14 million to support Jubilee local celebrations in 360 communities, and three national projects. Funded initiatives aim to educate Canadians about the role of the Canadian Crown and celebrate Canadian achievements over the past seven decades.[111] No plans were made by the federal government to issue a commemorative medal for the Jubilee, with the government having last issued a commemorative jubilee medal during Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. The decision by the federal government was criticized by the Royal Canadian Legion.[112] Several provincial governments have made their own plans to issue jubilee medals; with the governments of Alberta and Saskatchewan planning to issue 7,000 medals each, Nova Scotia issuing 5,000 medals, and Manitoba issuing 1,000 medals.[113][114][115][116] The same legislative act that authorized Alberta's Platinum Jubilee medals also replaced awards created for Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee with platinum jubilee equivalents, and increased their monetary prizes.[115] The government of Ontario has plans to celebrate the anniversary through existing honours and award programs as well as issuing commemorative Platinum Jubilee lapel pins, although it has no plans to issue jubilee medals.[117] Accession Day events Much has changed in the last seven decades. We extended the hand of friendship to nations around the world. We made advancements in medical research, most recently with vaccines. We established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and took part in its work. We saw the first Canadian named governor general, then the first woman and now, the first Indigenous person.[118] Mary Simon, Governor General of Canada, 2022 Platinum Jubilee celebrations in Canada were launched by Canadian Heritage on 6 February 2022.[15][110] On the same day, Trudeau and Mary Simon, the governor general of Canada, issued statements congratulating the Queen on her reign, and to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[119][120] Congratulatory statements to the Queen were also made by lieutenant governors,[121] provincial premiers, and the Speaker of the Senate of Canada.[122][123][124] The CEO of the Canadian Nurses Association and the Royal Canadian Geographic Society also extended their congratulations to the Queen on behalf of their respective organisations.[125][126] Flag raising ceremonies for the Queen's Personal Canadian Flag and the Platinum Jubilee Flag occurred at Rideau Hall and several provincial legislatures and government houses.[108][127] Accession Evensong services were also held in a variety of churches of the Diocese of British Columbia and the Anglican Diocese of Toronto, with the lieutenant governor of Ontario attending a service in Cathedral Church of St. James in Toronto.[128][129][130][131] Tributes The Royal Canadian Mint released a series of coins, including the two-coin Jubilee set,[15] a one-ounce platinum coin,[132] a double-portrait proof silver dollar,[133] and coins depicting the Queen's Diamond Diadem.[134][135] Canada Post issued a commemorative stamp, which features a profile of Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin.[136] The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and Canadian Geographic have created a series of commemorative pieces for the Jubilee. The first of the series were released on 6 February.[126] A pin of the Platinum Jubilee emblem is also being produced and distributed by the Monarchist League of Canada throughout the Jubilee year.[137] Robert Finch, the dominion chairman of the Monarchist League, said in May 2022, that the League has sent out tens of thousands of Jubilee pins. He said that the demand has been "absolutely overwhelming", and is a sign that "while the government may have planned relatively little, Canadians are eager to celebrate their monarch on this momentous occasion".[138] The Lieutenant Governor's BC Journalism Fellowship and the Lieutenant Governor's Art & Music Award were launched by British Columbia's lieutenant governor as a part of the province's Platinum Jubilee celebrations.[139][140] In May, the committee for the Royal St. John's Regatta announced it renamed that year's regatta the 2022 Platinum Jubilee Royal St. John’s Regatta.[141] In the same month, A Battery of the 1st Regiment of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery was also renamed "The Queen's Battery" in honour of the Jubilee.[142] A special call sign for the jubilee was approved by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada for use by amateur radio operators from 15 May to 14 July.[143] Plans are in place for lieutenant governors and territorial commissioners to dedicate gardens in honour of the Jubilee in their respective province/territory.[15] Each of the 13 gardens will include plants suited to the local climate. Tobacco was also included where climate and protocols allow, providing the gardens with a representation of the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous peoples of Canada through its treaties. Tobacco seeds were provided to vice-regal offices from plants grown for the Chapel Royal at Massey College. The Ontario Platinum Jubilee Garden will be planted on the grounds of the Ontario Legislative Building in Toronto.[144] Platinum Jubilee gardens in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan will be unveiled at their respective Government Houses.[145][146] In Yukon, the Jubilee Garden will be unveiled at Taylor House on 3 June.[147] Another garden to represent the Crown's relationship with Indigenous Canadians will also be unveiled on 4 June at Mount Pleasant Nature Park in the County of Brant.[148] Events from February to May Several Government Houses in Canada have Jubilee events planned.[139][149] Government House in Regina, Saskatchewan plans to host an exhibit about the Queen's connection to the province, and another on the making of the portrait of the Queen that was commissioned for the Diamond Jubilee in 2012.[149] The Alberta Legislature Building will have on-site tours and displays planned for the Jubilee.[150] On 14 March, a time capsule was buried at Government House, British Columbia. The capsule, which is scheduled to be opened in 2072, contains messages of hope for the future from viceroys and commissioners across Canada.[151] In February 2022, as part of Winterlude 2022, an Ice Sculpture was unveiled at Sparks Street to commemorate the Jubilee.[152] Plans are also in place to decorate Ottawa's ByWard Market in purple.[101] In spring, Ottawa's Confederation Boulevard, and several places in provinces and territories, were decorated with colourful commemorative banners featuring the Jubilee colours.[15] On 2 March, a special exhibit was unveiled at the Canadian Museum of Nature. It features a display of Canadian currency, postage stamps and specimens of platinum. Several artefacts for the exhibit were loaned by the Bank of Canada Museum, Canada Post, and Royal Canadian Mint.[153][154] Other museums have also planned events for the jubilee, with the Woodstock Museum in Woodstock, Ontario having planned several jubilee-themed programs from April to June;[155] and the Toronto Railway Museum planning to host an online lecture on Canadian royal trains used during the Queen's reign on 19 May.[156] In May, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police's also sent a contingent from the Musical Ride to the UK to partake in jubilee celebrations at Windsor Castle.[157] Several local events to celebrate the jubilee are also planned in April and May. On 9 April, the City of Melfort, Saskatchewan held high tea.[158] From Earth Day to 7 June, the Town of Saint Andrews, New Brunswick will plant 70 trees.[159] The Durham Chamber Orchestra held a concert in Ajax, Ontario on 15 May.[160] Amherstburg will hold a jubilee weekend from 20 and 21 May, attended by the lieutenant governor of Ontario.[161] On 26 May, the Strathcona Ceremonial Mounted Troop will take part in local jubilee celebrations held in Armstrong, British Columbia. The event is organized by the Armstrong Regional Co-op, the Canadian Armed Forces, and the Okanagan Military Tattoo Society.[162] Royal tour Main article: 2022 royal tour of Canada The 2022 Royal Tour of Canada — The Prince of Wales and The duch*ess of Cornwall Source:Government of Canada At the invitation of the government of Canada, the Prince of Wales and the duch*ess of Cornwall visited Canada from 17 to 19 May to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee.[163] During the three-day tour, the couple visited St. John's, Ottawa, Yellowknife, and Dettah.[164][165] In St. John's on 17 May, the couple participated in moment of reflection and prayer at the Heart Garden with Indigenous leaders and community members, in the spirit of reconciliation.[166] On 18 May, the Prince of Wales was invested as an Extraordinary Commander of the Order of Military Merit by the governor general. The couple later participated in a wreath laying ceremony at the National War Memorial, and met with Canadian Ukrainian organisations and community members. Later, the Prince participated in discussions on employment and sustainability with participants of The Prince's Trust Canada. In the evening, the governor general hosted a reception at Rideau Hall for the couple.[166] On 19 May, the couple arrived in Yellowknife and Dettah. In Dettah, they visited a Dene First Nation community. The Prince held discussions with local chiefs and elders, and met local food producers at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. The duch*ess visited Kaw Tay Whee School, and later visited a YWCA transitional housing centre for women and their children. Later, the Prince and the duch*ess marked the Jubilee at the Ceremonial Circle with a Platinum Jubilee flag raising, and unveiling a plaque, followed by a presentation of various plants and flowers.[166] Commemorations from June A new segment will be added to the annual Northern Lights sound and lights that runs from June to September on Parliament Hill. Historical photos of the Queen's tours of Canada will be displayed through dynamic animation during her reign.[15][167] A Canadian Heritage exhibition, The Queen and Canada, is also planned to operate during those months at Château Laurier. The exhibit features images of the Queen in Canada throughout her lifetime.[15] Prior to the lighting of the Canadian Jubilee beacons on 2 June, bagpipers across the country will play the bugle calls Diu Regnare and Majesty. On the same day, a specially-scripted proclamation honouring the Queen's reign is planned to be read by town criers in multiple cities across Canada.[101] Other major federal buildings throughout Canada are planned to be illuminated on that day.[15] Several local events are also planned in June. In Aurora, Ontario, a commemorative bench for the Platinum Jubilee will be formally installed at Queen's Diamond Jubilee Park on 2 June, with a formal celebration of the Queen's reign taking place 4 June.[168] A date during the town's Concerts in the Park series will be dedicated to the Jubilee as a musical tribute.[169] Garden lunch and tea events are planned on 4 and 5 June in Innisfail, Sarnia, and Toronto.[170][171][172] In Dawson City, a Jubilee celebration is planned at the local museum on 11 June, and a Jubilee Picnic at the Commissioner's Residence on 13 August.[147] On 17 June, the Royal Commonwealth Society of Toronto will host the Queen's Platinum Jubilee Gala at the Fairmont Royal York in Toronto.[173] On 1 July, a "double platinum" themed Canada Day celebration will be held in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, to commemorate the platinum jubilees of Elizabeth II as well as of the local Gathering of the Clans.[174] Grenada The Earl and Countess of Wessex were set to visit Grenada in April.[19] However, after talks with the island's government and governor general, the tour was postponed and the couple expressed their hopes to visit the country on a later date.[175] It was reported that representatives of Grenada's National Reparations Committee had planned to meet the couple and discuss Britain and the royal family's past links to slavery in the region.[176] Jamaica This year's theme, 'A Common Future, Connecting, Innovating, Transforming', stands as a poignant reminder of the legacy Her Majesty has created and what she has done for the pursuit of the growth and development of this family of nations, and which continues to bind us together through adherence to the common values.[177] Sir Patrick Allen, Governor-General of Jamaica, 2022 On Accession Day, the Governor-General of Jamaica, Sir Patrick Allen, congratulated the Queen. He said that since her accession in 1952, the Queen has become "a symbol of quiet strength and stability throughout the Commonwealth realms".[178] Platinum Jubilee Medals will be presented to members of the Jamaica Defence Force, the Jamaica Constabulary Force, the Department of Correctional Services, the Jamaica Fire Brigade and the Emergency Medical Services.[179] Royal tour The duch*ess of Cambridge (left) arriving at Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston, during the Platinum Jubilee Tour of Jamaica The Duke and duch*ess of Cambridge visited Jamaica from 22 to 24 March.[19][180][92] During the tour, the couple joined young football players in Trench Town, and celebrated the legacy of Bob Marley and other Jamaican musicians. At the Shortwood Teachers' College, the couple met students training to become early childhood education practitioners. At Spanish Town Hospital, the couple met frontline workers, and they later interacted with members of the Jamaica Defence Force at Flankers, near Montego Bay.[96] A demonstration by the Advocates Network, a human rights coalition of Jamaican activists and equalities organisations, took place near the British High Commission in Kingston to ask for an apology and compensation from the Crown for chattel slavery.[181] At the dinner hosted by the Governor-General at King's House in honour of the couple, the Duke conveyed the "very best wishes" from the Queen of Jamaica to her Jamaican people. He also expressed his "profound sorrow" over slavery, adding that it "should never have happened" and "forever stains our history".[182] On their final day in Jamaica, the couple attended the inaugural Commissioning Parade for service personnel from across the Caribbean who had recently completed the Caribbean Military Academy's Officer Training Programme.[96] Kenya In Aberdare Open Fields, close to Treetops where the Queen received the news of her accession, the Earl of Wessex planted a tree on 16 March 2022.[183] Malta Commemorative coins were commissioned by the Central Bank of Malta. The coins were minted by the Royal Dutch Mint.[184][185] New Zealand Emblem Platinum Jubilee emblem in New Zealand On Accession Day, the New Zealand Platinum Jubilee emblem was unveiled. The emblem, approved by the Queen, was prepared by Phillip O'Shea, New Zealand Herald of Arms.[186] Within a platinum five-sided frame is the Queen's royal cypher, with the Maori inscription "Te Hokotoru Mā Ngahuru", which means "three twenties plus ten", an allusion to the Queen's seventy-year reign.[186] In the base, the years 1952 and 2022 are in gold, and is placed on the Poutama step design in the traditional colours of red-ochre and white. The design represent "steps of service", namely, the seven decades of public service by the Queen.[186] Commemoration Tree planting at Government House to launch the Trees that Count Legacy Project for the Jubilee, May 2022 On Accession Day, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern congratulated the Queen and said "As Queen of New Zealand, she has always shown a deep personal interest in the life and wellbeing of our nation. On behalf of all New Zealanders I would like to wish her well for this historic year".[187] Prime Minister Ardern announced that the government will donate $1 million to Trees That Count to assist with tree planting programmes across New Zealand to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[187] Trees That Count is working with the Department of Conservation to support the planting of 100,000 native trees at 15 native restoration projects across New Zealand.[188] The project was launched on 16 May at Government House, where Chief Justice Dame Helen Winkelmann and Kiritapu Allen planted a kauri.[189] From Point Jerningham, Wellington, a 21-gun salute was fired by personnel from the 16th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery, on 7 February.[187][190] On 9 February, Prime Minister Ardern moved a motion in the House of Representatives congratulating the Queen on her Jubilee, and said that the Queen "has a deep knowledge of Aotearoa New Zealand and cares sincerely for the wellbeing of our nation". The Leader of the Opposition Christopher Luxon said that the Queen's reign has "strengthened the role of a modern monarchy and the important part that it plays in our constitutional arrangements and our system of parliamentary democracy".[191] Commemorative coins were released by NZ Post to mark the Jubilee.[192][193][194] Governor-General Dame Cindy Kiro with former governors-general and their spouses at a Platinum Jubilee dinner at Government House, April 2022 On 9 April, Governor-General Dame Cindy Kiro hosted former governors-general at Government House for a dinner in honour of the Jubilee.[195] At Te Awamutu, a plaque will be erected to commemorate both the Jubilee and the Queen and Prince Philip's visit to Te Awamutu in 1954.[196] The plaque, which has been approved by the Queen herself, will be erected on the old Te Awamutu Post Office building.[197] Governor-General Dame Cindy Kiro will represent New Zealand at the Platinum Jubilee celebrations in the United Kingdom.[198] Papua New Guinea Despite personal tragedies and setbacks in both her personal and public life, the Queen has continued to hold fast to her duty and service throughout the last 70 years. As a nation, we are indeed proud to have the Queen as our Head of State. A nation of a thousand tribes and cultural diversity in a land of diverse biodiversity, we join our voices to congratulate our Queen and Head of State on achieving this historic milestone.[199] Sir Bob Dadae, Governor-General of Papua New Guinea, 2022 The Government of Papua New Guinea has devised plans to celebrate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee in Papua New Guinea.[200] On Accession Day, Governor-General Sir Bob Dadae reflected on the Queen's life and said that Papua New Guineans are proud to have Elizabeth II as their Queen.[199][201] Considerations are being made to reserve a portion of Papua New Guinea's rainforests in honour of the Queen, given how she is "passionate for the preservation of rainforests".[200] Royal tour The Princess Royal visited the country from 11 to 13 April.[19] The Princess and her husband Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence were greeted by Prime Minister James Marape upon their arrival, who also hosted a dinner for the couple on the last day of their tour.[202] Among their engagements were visits to a Catholic boarding school, St John Ambulance PNG, the Bomana War Cemetery, Papua New Guinea National Museum and Art Gallery, Port Moresby General Hospital, Vabukori, and Hanuabada.[203] During the Princess's visit, the Minister for National Events, Justin Tkatchenko, said that the country won't make a transition to a republic, and Papua New Guinea is embracing its monarchy and "making it bigger and better than it was before".[204] Saint Kitts and Nevis On Accession Day, the Governor-General, Sir Tapley Seaton, congratulated the Queen on behalf of the government and people of Saint Christopher and Nevis.[205][206] At Government House in Nevis, tree planting ceremonies took place on 14 March. Hyleeta Liburd, Deputy Governor-General of Nevis, said, "We are happy for the Queen and all she has done. So we just want to celebrate her and we have these trees to mark the commemoration of that 70 years". The Nevisian Premier's ministry plans to plant trees at six locations in Nevis, leading up to 2 June 2022, the day which marks the anniversary of the coronation.[207] Saint Lucia The Countess of Wessex meeting schoolchildren during her Platinum Jubilee Tour of Saint Lucia The Earl and Countess of Wessex visited Saint Lucia in April 2022.[19] They landed in the country on 22 April, and later met Prime Minister Philip J. Pierre, and the acting Governor-General Errol Charles.[208] On 24 April, they attended a church service in honour of the Queen's jubilee and visited Morne Fortune.[209] On 27 April, the couple met locals on a walkabout in Soufrière.[210] They also toured a cocoa plantation and met representatives of female-led businesses before visiting Sulphur Springs and having lunch with the prime minister.[210] The couple also watched a performance by young people at the Mini Stadium.[210] On 28 April, they wrapped up their tour by meeting pupils from six separate Saint Lucian schools.[211] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines The Earl and Countess of Wessex visited Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in April.[19] Upon starting the visit on 23 April, they were greeted by Governor-General Dame Susan Dougan and acting Prime Minister Montgomery Daniel.[212] The Countess met members of the La Gracia Dance Company and representatives from two local organisations that assist blind and partially sighted people.[212] The Earl met athletes who would take part in the 2022 Commonwealth Games.[212] The couple also visited Botanic Gardens St. Vincent, where they planted a tree in honour of the Jubilee.[212] During the visit, a small group gathered outside Government House to protest the visit.[213] Trinidad and Tobago On the invitation of the Platinum Jubilee Celebration Committee, President Paula-Mae Weekes attended the Royal Windsor Horse Show in May 2022. At Windsor Castle, Weekes presented the Queen with a gift from the people of Trinidad and Tobago in commemoration of her Platinum Jubilee. The gift, Woman on the Bass, was designed and produced by artist Gillian Bishop.[214] Tuvalu Commemorative stamps were released by Tuvalu on 6 February to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[215] United Kingdom Rishi Sunak, Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced in the March 2021 budget that £28 million will be allocated to fund the Queen's Platinum Jubilee celebrations in 2022.[216] Emblem Platinum Jubilee emblem in the United Kingdom The emblem for the Platinum Jubilee was announced in August 2021, following a competition which was judged by industry experts. The winning design was created by 19-year-old graphic design student Edward Roberts from Nottinghamshire. Roberts said at the time: "It's just an amazing feeling to win it, I couldn't believe I'd won it really. I thought I had achieved something by getting to the top 100 so to win it – I was over the moon."[217] The regal purple used in the emblem has been closely matched to the purple in the Queen's Robe of Estate, worn by her at the Coronation in 1953. A continuous platinum line in the shape of St Edward's Crown features the number "70" at the top of the Crown, signifying the Queen's 70-year-reign and her Platinum Jubilee. Roberts included a circle to border the Crown, to create the impression of a royal seal. The emblem's typeface is Perpetua, which means "forever", and is similar to the font style that appeared on the Queen's Coronation Order of Service in 1953.[218][219][220] The Queen's Green Canopy Main article: The Queen's Green Canopy The Queen's Green Canopy campaign was launched in May 2021, ahead of the Jubilee in 2022.[221] The campaign invites people from the United Kingdom to plant a tree to make the local environment greener, and to commemorate the milestone and serve as a "special gift" to the Queen. In a statement, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson said, "As we celebrate Her Majesty's incredible 70 years of service, I encourage everyone to get behind this scheme, and go 'Plant a Tree for the Jubilee'."[222][223] As of March 2022, more than one million Jubilee trees have been planted .[224] A 70 ft sculpture called 'Tree of Trees' will be erected outside Buckingham Palace during the June celebrations. The sculpture, which will contain 350 native British trees in the form of one giant tree, will reflect the more than one million trees planted during Green Canopy initiative. The trees will then be gifted to selected community groups for planting after the celebrations.[225] Jubilee stamps and coins In January 2022 the Royal Mint released commemorative 50p coins and £5 crowns. The 50p coin is designed to feature the Queen's royal cypher within the 0 of the number 70 on the reverse.[226] The £5 crown features the quartered shield of the Royal Arms on the reverse.[227] Both coins show the Queen on horseback on the obverse.[228] In February 2022, the Royal Mail released eight new stamps. The new set of stamps features photographs of the Queen throughout her reign, which commemorate different aspects of her royal duties, from the Trooping the Colour to worldwide tours.[229] Events leading up to June The Platinum Pudding competition was launched on 10 January 2022 by The Big Jubilee Lunch and Fortnum & Mason throughout the United Kingdom to find a pudding to celebrate the Jubilee. Five finalists were selected to prepare their creation for a judging panel, with the winning recipe being made available to the public at Big Jubilee Lunches during the Jubilee weekend.[230][231] The winning recipe, by Jemma Melvin from Southport, is a lemon Swiss roll and Amaretti trifle.[232] The winner was announced on 12 May 2022 in the BBC One documentary The Jubilee Pudding: 70 Years in the Baking, which also saw the duch*ess of Cornwall in attendance.[233] On 4 February, pictures and footage taken two weeks earlier in Windsor Castle's Oak Room were released, and featured the Queen viewing memorabilia from this and prior jubilees. The display included a Golden Jubilee letter from a nine-year-old boy named Chris, titled A Recipe for a Perfect Queen, which includes ingredients of "jewels, posh gowns, loyalty, hard work, healthiness, and courage".[234][235] On 5 February, the Queen hosted a reception at Sandringham House for volunteer groups, pensioners and members of the local Women's Institute group. At the reception, the Queen met Angela Wood, a former cookery student that helped create the original recipe for Coronation chicken in 1953.[236][237] The Queen's Accession Day message was released later that evening. Stephen Kerr congratulating the Queen on her Platinum Jubilee at the Scottish Parliament, 9 February 2022 On Accession Day, Prime Minister Johnson, the Leader of the Opposition Sir Keir Starmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury and many others released statements congratulating the Queen on the milestone. Tributes were also paid by former British prime ministers.[11][238][239][240] Outdoor billboards across the United Kingdom, including Piccadilly Circus, were lit up to mark the Jubilee.[241][242] Special services were held in cathedrals to mark the anniversary of the Queen's accession. In Exeter Cathedral, the choir sang an anthem written for Queen Elizabeth I by the 16th century English composer William Byrd as part of its service.[243] Gun salutes were held on 7 February to mark the 70th anniversary of the Queen's accession. A 41-gun salute was fired by the King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery in London's Green Park. At the Tower of London, the Honourable Artillery Company fired 62 rounds.[244] A 21-gun salute was fired at Edinburgh Castle by 105 Regiment, Royal Artillery.[245] In Wales, a gun-salute was fired inside the grounds of Cardiff Castle, organised by 160th (Welsh) Brigade. In Northern Ireland, the Reservists of 206 Ulster Battery Royal Artillery (RA) based in Newtownards and Coleraine fired a 21-gun salute at Hillsborough Castle.[246] On 16 March, a concert titled The Queen's Platinum Jubilee – 70 Years took place at the Royal Albert Hall. The event featured music played at the Queen's coronation and other key moments of her reign. The music was performed by the Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra.[247][248] Prince and Princess Michael of Kent were in attendance.[249] The Lord Mayor's Platinum Jubilee Big Curry Lunch took place at the Guildhall, London, on 7 April 2022 in honour of the Queen's 70-year reign.[250] Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie attended the event.[251] Platinum Jubilee banners in Borehamwood, May 2022 On four evenings from 12 to 15 May 2022, the 2022 Royal Windsor Horse Show at Windsor Castle, titled A Gallop Through History, concluded with a 90-minute celebration in tribute to the Queen, featuring 500 horses and 1,000 dancers, with various members of the Royal Family, including Duke and duch*ess of Gloucester, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, and the Princess Royal in attendance.[252][253] Princess Beatrice and her husband, Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi also attended the charity preview of the event.[253] The Queen attended on 15 May.[253] The Queen's youngest granddaughter, Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, drove in the carriage that once belonged to her grandfather, the Duke of Edinburgh, and had been featured in his funeral.[254] Actors Helen Mirren and Tom Cruise were involved, with Mirren playing Queen Elizabeth I.[255] A 550-mile torch relay started in Brandon on 13 May to mark the Jubilee. The relay will travel 250 towns and villages across Suffolk and will end at the final stop at the Suffolk Show in Ipswich on 1 June.[256] On 23 May, the Queen visited the Chelsea Flower Show, which feaured four installations commemorating the Platinum Jubilee. In The Queen's Platinum Jubilee Garden, laser-cut steel silhouettes of the Queen were featured, surrounded by 70 planted terracotta pots planted with Lily of the Valley, the Queen's favourite flower.[257][258][259] On 26 May, the House of Lords will debate a 'Humble Address' to congratulate the Queen on her Platinum Jubilee.[260] A new BBC documentary, Elizabeth: The Unseen Queen, is set to air on 29 May in commemoration of the Jubilee. The film includes unseen footage from the Queen's archive, and will be narrated by the Queen herself.[261] Central weekend Jubilee souvenirs at Marks & Spencer store, Tunbridge Wells On 12 November 2020, Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden announced that the late May bank holiday would be moved to Thursday 2 June and there would be an additional Bank Holiday on Friday 3 June, making a four-day weekend to celebrate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee.[262][263] "To honour this extraordinary historic occasion, the Government are working with the royal household and devolved Administrations on an extensive programme that will unite every generation in all 54 countries of the Commonwealth, from the south Pacific islands to the Canadian Arctic, in celebration of Her Majesty", Dowden said in Parliament.[264] In April 2022, reports emerged of the government reviewing a request by campaigners to make the bank holiday on 3 June permanent in the UK calendar under the name "thank holiday".[265] A number of events have been planned to celebrate the Queen's 70-year reign.[266] Big screens will be placed in The Mall in London, Edinburgh's Princes Street Gardens and in Cardiff's Bute Park for members of the public to watch the events taking place across the Bank Holiday weekend.[267] The Queen's birthday parade, also known as Trooping the Colour, which usually takes place on the second Saturday of June, will be held on Thursday, 2 June. Over 1,400 parading soldiers, 200 horses and 400 musicians are expected to come together in the traditional parade to mark the Queen's official birthday.[13][268] The event will close with the Queen and Royal Family observing a Royal Air Force flypast from the balcony of Buckingham Palace.[269] The Palace confirmed in May 2022, that the traditional Trooping the Colour balcony appearance on 2 June will be "limited to Her Majesty and those members of the royal family who are currently undertaking official public duties on behalf of the Queen".[270] Members of the Royal Family are also expected to carry out engagements across the UK during the bank holiday weekend, with the Duke and duch*ess of Cambridge visiting Wales, the Princess Royal visiting Scotland, and the Earl and Countess of Wessex visiting Northern Ireland.[271] The Prince of Wales and the duch*ess of Cornwall are expected to remain in England.[271] The tradition of celebrating royal jubilees, weddings and coronations with the lighting of beacons will continue for the Platinum Jubilee, and will take place on 2 June across the United Kingdom along with the Crown Dependencies and the British Overseas Territories.[13] Fundraising efforts between £50,000 and £70,000 are underway by the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead to light up Windsor and Eton Bridge, subject to planning permission.[272] St Paul's Cathedral, London On 3 June, a service of thanksgiving for the Queen's reign will be held at St Paul's Cathedral.[13] The 2022 Corby Pole Fair will be held on 3 June, to coincide with the Jubilee celebrations.[273] On 4 June, the Queen will attend the Derby at Epsom Downs accompanied by other members of the Royal Family. In the evening, a concert named 'Platinum Party at the Palace' will take place at Buckingham Palace.[13][268] The BBC is set to produce and broadcast the concert, and is expected to distribute it through the European Broadcasting Union; like the Diamond Jubilee Concert. The public will be invited to apply and attend the event.[3] On 5 June, the last day of the extended bank holiday, people are encouraged to have a 'Big Jubilee Lunch', encouraging communities to celebrate their connections and get to know each other a little better.[13] More than 70,000 Big Lunches have been planned across the four nations of the United Kingdom.[267] A pageant featuring approximately 5,000 people from across the UK and the Commonwealth will take place against the backdrop of Buckingham Palace combined with street arts, theatre, music, circus, carnival and costume celebrating the Queen's reign.[13] There will be a parade along The Mall through an array of over 200 silk flags, decorated with images of hope drawn by children, representing a 'River of Hope' as part of the Pageant outside Buckingham Palace.[3] The 2022 Thank You Day will also be held on 5 June to celebrate the Queen's 70-year reign, and the day will see people thanking the Queen, and their communities.[274] In England and Wales, pubs, clubs and bars could be allowed to stay open for extra two hours over the bank holiday weekend to mark the Jubilee under government plans.[275] During the Jubilee weekend, Sandringham and Balmoral will be open for visitors to enjoy the Jubilee festivities.[3] Displays and exhibitions There will be special displays and exhibitions at the official royal residences, including Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, and the Palace of Holyroodhouse.[276] The Queen's portraits, jewellery and tiaras, and carriages will be on display at Buckingham Palace from 22 July to 2 October 2022.[277] At Windsor Castle, the Queen's coronation robe will be shown to visitors from 7 July to 26 September 2022.[278] The Palace of Holyroodhouse will display the outfits worn by the Queen for her Silver, Golden and Diamond Jubilees from 3 July to 25 September 2022.[279] To mark the Jubilee, Balmoral Castle is hosting the exhibition Life at Balmoral. The exhibition opened on 1 April and will run until 2 August 2022. The exhibition, set in the ballroom of Balmoral Castle, has a collection of the Queen's clothing, including kilts, coats, hats and dresses.[280][281] At St Paul's Cathedral, there will be a special exhibition from May to December 2022, titled The Monarch and the Changing World, which will explore the jubilees of four British monarchs: George III, Victoria, George V and Elizabeth II.[282] Sotheby's will host an exhibition that will feature royal portraits, tiaras and rare manuscripts.[283][284] An exhibition will be held at The Royal Mint Experience, which will explore the Queen's reign through coins.[285] At the Imperial War Museums London, the Queen's relationship with the Armed Forces will be celebrated in an exhibition of photographs.[286] The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead has encouraged people to send photos of street parties or memorabilia of the Queen's past jubilees as part of an exhibition, titled 70 Years 70 Photos. The exhibition will be on display around libraries, ahead of the Platinum Jubilee Central weekend in June.[287] The Tower of London moat in 2006. Plans are in place to create a garden in the moat to celebrate the Jubilee. Historic Royal Palaces has planned for a Commonwealth-themed garden in the historic moat of the Tower of London.[288] The flower display, titled Superbloom, will be held from June to September 2022. More than 20 million seeds will be sown in spring 2022.[289] Additionally unveiled at the Tower of London was the Commonwealth of Nations Globe, a platinum, diamond, gold and silver blue globe set within a silver crown on a blue and gold cushion. The piece was sent to the site accompanied by a 70-piece military band and will be featured during a beacon-lighting ceremony in June.[290] Portraits of the Queen by artists ranging from graffitist musician Goldie to ballpoint specialist James Mylne will be exhibited at Art Save The Queen at gallery@oxo on London's South Bank, from 2 to 12 June.[291] Westminster Abbey roof will be opened to public for the first time as part of tours to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee. The tours will run from June to August 2022.[292] Other tributes and events Platinum Jubilee medals A Platinum Jubilee medal is being awarded to people who work in public service, including members of the Armed Forces, emergency services, and the prison services.[5] As part of the Platinum Jubilee Civic Honours, the Queen gave several settlements city status. 39 places applied in the competition.[293] In May, it was announced that the eight places that will be awarded city status were: Bangor in Northern Ireland; Colchester, Doncaster and Milton Keynes in England; Dunfermline in Scotland; Wrexham in Wales; Douglas in the Isle of Man; and Stanley in the Falkland Islands. The city of Southampton won the lord mayor title.[294] Six historic sites visited by Queen were given protected status to celebrate the Jubilee: All Saints' Church in Shard End, Birmingham; The Queen's Theatre in Hornchurch, London; Art Deco Sun Pavilion and Colonnade in Harrogate, North Yorkshire; Hampshire Archives in Winchester; Imperial Hotel in Stroud, Gloucestershire; and commemorative motorway markers on the M62, running through Yorkshire and Lancashire.[295] The Royal Collection Trust published a collection of 77 photographs under the title The Queen: 70 Glorious Years as an official souvenir publication.[296] It also produced bottles of wine, labelled "English Sparkling Wine: Platinum Jubilee Release" and made using Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier grapes grown in Kent and West Sussex.[297] In April, Heinz announced the production of limited-edition bottles of two of its favourite condiments, HP Sauce and Salad Cream, which were rebranded as "HM Sauce" and "Heinz Salad Queen".[298] 34027 Taw Valley painted purple Blackpool 010 Platinum Jubilee tram Eight London buses on royal routes, like Kensington Palace and Westminster Abbey, have been adorned in commemorative purple wraps to mark the Jubilee. Celebratory messages will be played on the Jubilee line, the new Elizabeth line and at stations that have a royal link in their name, like Queen's Road.[299] Reading Buses also unveiled a special Jubilee bus, that will be seen on the streets of Reading, Windsor and London throughout the year.[300] The Severn Valley Railway repainted the steam engine 34027 Taw Valley in purple to mark the Jubilee, and temporarily renamed it "Elizabeth II". The new name was chosen by public vote. The engine will be returned to its traditional green after few months.[301][302] Primary school children in England and Northern Ireland will receive a free book, titled Queen Elizabeth: A Platinum Jubilee Celebration, in mid-May 2022 (With schools within the devolved countries of Wales & Scotland having to 'opt-in' on the programme).[303][304] DK Books UK was commissioned by the British Government to publish the book which was designed to celebrate the people, places, achievements of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth over the last 70 years. The book will also explore the role of the Queen and what the Platinum Jubilee represents.[305] In Northern Ireland, a design competition was launched on 6 May for primary school children to create a "snapshot of Northern Ireland". The winning entry will be manufactured into a rug by Northern Ireland company Ulster Carpets, and later sent to the Queen.[306] In addition, the Queen and other members of the Royal Family will receive Northern Ireland Platinum Jubilee Hampers, showcasing more than fifty products belonging local food and drink producers from across Northern Ireland top quality local food and drink producers, as a gesture of thanks and appreciation of the people of Northern Ireland for the Queen's 70 years of service to the United Kingdom.[267][307] Starting on 18 January 2022, GB News, a TV news broadcaster, announced that it would be playing the national anthem at 5:59 every morning before broadcasting.[308][309][310] In March 2022, the duch*ess of Cornwall, who is president of the Royal Voluntary Service, launched the organisation's Platinum Champions Awards to honour 70 volunteers nominated by the public for their efforts in improving lives in their communities.[311] The Prince of Wales and the duch*ess of Cornwall penned the foreword to The Platinum Jubilee Cookbook, which was released in April 2022.[312] They also appeared in the British soap opera EastEnders for a special episode to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[313] In its April issue, British Vogue featured the Queen on its cover for the first time.[314] Harper's Bazaar held a fashion shoot around the Tower of London, featuring designs by Victoria Beckham, Richard Quinn and Sarah Burton that were inspired by the Queen to mark the Platinum Jubilee.[315] Hello! commissioned a portrait by Ben Mosley to mark the Jubilee.[316] An unseen portrait of the Queen was unveiled by Rob Munday to mark her Jubilee. Titled Platinum Queen: Felicity, it was taken by Munday in 2004 during a photographic session to create the first officially commissioned 3D hologram of the Queen.[317] Women's Institute members have knitted toy corgis and hidden them across the United Kingdom. One contains a pair of free tickets to the Big Jubilee Lunch in London during the Jubilee weekend.[318] In March, a baby rhinoceros, born at Cotswold Wildlife Park in Burford, Oxfordshire, was christened "Queenie" to mark the Queen's Jubilee.[319] In May, five Humboldt penguin chicks at London Zoo were named after famous people and events from the past 70 years in honour of the Jubilee. The chicks were named Hillary, Apollo, Bobby, Bernie and Mac, after mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary, Apollo 11 Moon landing, footballer Bobby Moore, computer scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee, and sailor Dame Ellen MacArthur.[320] The BBC and The Reading Agency announced in April the Big Jubilee Read, a list of 70 books by Commonwealth authors, ten from each decade of the Queen's reign.[321] Sir Michael Morpurgo released a new book There Once Is A Queen to mark the Jubilee.[322] The Choir of the Earth is inviting people from around the world to learn and record a new arrangement of "God Save the Queen", which will be presented to the Queen.[323] Virgin Records announced plans to re-release the Sex Pistols' 1977 single "God Save the Queen".[324] A Platinum Jubilee postbox topper at Bury St. Edmunds, England Across England, woolly postbox toppers have appeared in towns and villages to celebrate the Jubilee.[325] St Mary's Church in Somerset has been covered in more than 2,000 flowers for the occasion. The flowers were knitted, crocheted and sewn by volunteers.[326] In May, at the Ely Cathedral in Cambridgeshire, the Princess Royal officially unveiled a table made from a 5,000-year-old oak tree in honour of the Platinum Jubilee. The 13 m (43 ft) table was created from a black oak, that was found buried and preserved in a farmland at Methwold Hythe, near Downham Market, in 2012. Specialists spent 10 years crafting the piece of furniture.[327] South Gloucestershire Council has suggested that the Severn Bridge be renamed in honour of the Jubilee.[328] A statue of the Queen is slated for installation at York Minster. The 2-metre (6.6 ft) statue will weigh approximately two tonnes.[329] At the Princess Royal & Duke of Fife Memorial Park, in Braemar, a new arch will be built.[330] Crown Dependencies Guernsey A set of stamps was released by Guernsey Post on 4 February 2022. In each stamp, the Queen is wearing Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee necklace, which is said to be one of her favourite pieces of jewellery.[331][332] Coins commemorating the Jubilee were also released.[333][334] At Sausmarez Manor, on 22 February, more than 70 Girlguides and their families planted 70 trees to mark the Jubilee.[335][336] There will be a four-day bank holiday in Guernsey from 2 June to 5 June to celebrate the Jubilee.[337][338] Platinum Jubilee celebrations in Guernsey will commence at Castle Cornet on 2 June, with the grounds being open all day for people to enjoy for free.[339] At noon, a 21-gun salute will be fired in honour of the Queen by the castle's cannons. The Guernsey Yacht Club will organise a Sail Past at Castle Cornet. Motor yachts, sailing yachts, decorated sailing dinghies, rowing boats, junior sailors and RIBS will assemble in the Little Russel, bedecked in flags and will sail past the Castle to Fermain and back. In the evening, the lighting of the Jubilee beacon at Castle Cornet will take place.[340] On 4 June, the Platinum Jubilee Community Fete will be held in the grounds of Government House. In the afternoon, there will be family entertainment, children's activities, a Jubilee Tea Tent, and live music with performances from Belles and Broomstick, Kirsty and George, The Wright Singers and GATE. In the evening, the Guernsey Concert Band will perform music from Baroque to Big Band, incluging performance by professional singer Poppy Neame, who is the granddaughter of Lieutenant General Sir Philip Neame who served as Governor of Guernsey from 1945 to 1952. Later, The Platinum Party at the Palace will be shown live on the big screen in the grounds of Government House.[339] On 5 June, Guernsey Arts will organise a Platinum Jubilee Celebration Seafront Sunday, along the seafront in St Peter Port that will feature stalls, music, and entertainment that celebrate the talents of the people of the island.[339] Other projects include Parish Jubilee planting displays; with each parish invited to plant a Jubilee display in a prominent position to win a Platinum Jubilee Floral Guernsey discretionary award.[338] Schools will plant "a tree for every class" and a commemorative 50p coin in a presentation pack will be gifted by the Committee for Education Sport & Culture to every student in full-time education.[341][337] Events will also take place in Alderney during the four-day weekend. On 2 June, the day will start with a party on the Butes and end with the lighting of a beacon. On 5 June, there will be a Churches Together Service at St Anne's Church, followed by a parade.[342] Guernsey Platinum Jubilee Flag The Guernsey Platinum Jubilee Flag The Committee for Education, Sport & Culture launched a competition for islanders to design a unique Guernsey Platinum Jubilee flag. More than 400 entries were sent.[343] The winning design, created by Ben Le Marchant, is based on a 1953 Coronation postage stamp and the wave pattern is based on the sea as a connection to Guernsey.[343] The colours red and yellow are taken from the Guernsey flag, and the purple and white represent the colours of the Platinum Jubilee emblem.[343] The Weighbridge Mast will fly the flag over the summer, and the mast will be decorated in Jubilee bunting and feature a Platinum Jubilee emblem planting display on the roundabout in St Peter Port.[337][338] A replica of the winning flag will be sent to the Queen on behalf of Guernsey with Guernsey's official celebratory Platinum Jubilee message.[341][343] Six designs were also chosen as runners-up which will feature on a set of Guernsey Platinum Jubilee postcards.[344] Royal tour The Earl and Countess of Wessex visited Guernsey, Alderney and Sark, from 9 to 10 May, to mark Liberation Day as well as the Jubilee.[345] They first visited the Liberation Tea Dance at Beau Séjour, and later travelled to Castle Cornet for an Ecumenical Service, and delivered a message from the Queen, before watching a special performance of 'Sarnia Cherie' by the Guernsey Music Service Youth Choir. They later watched the Liberation Day Cavalcade as it travelled around the Model Yacht Pond. The next day, the couple visited Forest Primary School in Guernsey, to see their preparations for the Jubilee celebrations, where they also met the winner of the Guernsey Platinum Jubilee flag competition.[346] In Alderney, the couple visited Victoria Street, St Anne, and the Alderney Wildlife Trust (AWT). At Island Hall, the couple attended a reception, and later at the Roman Fort heritage site at Longis, the couple formally broke ground for the forthcoming Platinum Jubilee Archeological Dig. They later boarded the Channel Islands' only train service at the restored Platinum Jubilee Station Platform at the Arsenal.[346] In Sark, the Earl and Countess presented the island's emergency service personnel with Platinum Jubilee medals, and also met Sark's Occupation Generation in the Island Hall, where the Earl presented a message from the Queen.[346] Jersey Commemorative coins were issued in Jersey.[347] A stamp to mark the Jubilee will be issued on 1 June.[348] On Accession Day, the bailiff of Jersey sent congratulatory message to the Queen. Churches and bell ringers across Jersey marked the occasion by ringing bells at noon for 15 minutes.[349] The Bailiff's Office is planning a series of public events in Jersey which will be announced in due course.[350] Events to honour the Jubilee in Jersey are planned for the first week of June. On 1 June, a 21-gun salute will be fired from the Jersey Militia, and the Queen's birthday reception will be held at Government House. On 2 June, the Queen's Platinum Jubilee Beacons will be lit at Glacis Field, in front of a crowd of 5,000 people. On 3 June, the Jersey International Motoring Festival Pageant will start at 11:00 GMT, which will include a formal march by representatives from all uniformed organisations in Jersey. On 4 June, the Platinum Party at the Palace, the BBC's special live concert from Buckingham Palace will be screened. On 5 June, a service will be held at the Town Church which will be led by Mike Keirle, the Dean of Jersey. High tea on the high street and a race at Les Landes race course will also take place.[348][351] Royal tour The Earl and Countess of Wessex visited Jersey from 8 to 9 May to mark Liberation Day as well as the Jubilee.[352] At Government House in St Saviour, the Earl and Countess met members of the community and members of the Commonwealth Games Association Jersey, the Duke of Edinburgh's Award in Jersey and Jersey Mencap. To commemorate the Platinum Jubilee, the couple unveiled the 'Le temps s'passes vite' Platinum Jubilee Sundial. Later, at the Royal Jersey Agricultural and Horticultural Society, the couple saw items related to the German Occupation.[346] The next day, the couple unveiled a plaque on Jersey's new official saluting gun battery in memory of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the Liberation Day event, the Earl read a message from the Queen. The couple then met members of the 'occupation generation'. The Earl and Countess later viewed the Liberation Day March Past, which comprised of marching bands, serving military units, veterans and youth organisations.[346] Isle of Man The Isle of Man Post Office released a new stamp collection on 6 February. Each of the eight commemorative stamps feature a picture of the Queen, who holds the title Lord of Mann, along with words from "God Save the Queen".[353][354] At an event organised by the Douglas Borough Council, schoolchildren planted 70 trees. Trees species found on the grounds of Buckingham Palace were chosen, and include silver birch, flowered wild cherry, English oak, and small leaved lime trees. The trees are planted next to a new cycleway at Spring Valley alongside the edge of Douglas Golf Course.[355][356] The Isle of Man Government has created a Platinum Jubilee Event Fund that provides up to £5,000 grant to help fund community-based projects and celebrations organised by the local authorities, non-profit making community/voluntary groups and local charities, in honour of the Jubilee.[357] In April 2022, a set of five commemorative 50p coins was released. The set outlines the Queen's role as Lord of Mann, and depicts royal beasts alongside words from God Save the Queen. Treasury member Bill Henderson said the coins were designed to mark a "momentous point in history". In addition to the 50p coins, the Treasury also released a sovereign coin in gold and silver, marking the 70 years in Roman Numerals and a crown coin.[358] In May, it was announced that Douglas, the capital of the Isle of Man, will be granted city status to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee. Chief Minister Alfred Cannan said it was "a huge honour for the island" that celebrates its "unique mix of culture, history and heritage".[359] There will be a four-day bank holiday in the Isle of Man from 2 June to 5 June to celebrate the Jubilee.[360] British Overseas Territories Ascension Island Commemorative stamps were released by Ascension Island on 14 April to mark the Jubilee.[361] Bermuda In November 2021, the governor of Bermuda hosted a tree planting ceremony at Government House, Bermuda. The event saw 70 trees planted to celebrate the Queen's 70-year reign.[362] British Antarctic Territory A new 50p coin was released by the British Antarctic Territory to mark the Jubilee. The coin features the Queen's royal cypher surrounded by a rose, representing England, a daffodil, representing Wales, a thistle, representing Scotland, and shamrocks, representing Northern Ireland. The design also incorporates the Jubilee emblem.[363] Stamps commemorating the Jubilee were released on 24 March.[364] British Virgin Islands Beacon lighting and community celebrations will be held in the British Virgin Islands on 2 June to commemorate the Jubilee.[365] Cayman Islands This 25-year-old daughter of the King and heir to the throne, was deep in an African reserve on an adventure of a lifetime, spotting wildlife from atop trees. In the fateful moment of her father’s passing, she ceased to be Princess Elizabeth and became Queen Elizabeth II. Jim Corbett, the naturalist and hunter who accompanied the Royal couple to the Treetops Hotel, is credited with writing in the visitor book: "For the first time in the history of the world, a young girl climbed into a tree one day a Princess and, after having what she described as her most thrilling experience, she climbed down from the tree next day a queen".[366] Wayne Panton, Premier of the Cayman Islands, 2022 The Cayman Islands Government has launched a number of activities to commemorate the Jubilee. Caymanian celebrations began with the opening of a commemorative exhibition by the Cayman Islands National Museum on 5 February.[367][368] On Accession Day, the governor and the premier of Cayman Islands released statements to mark the Jubilee. Premier Wayne Panton said, "Caymanians, especially our older generations, have always held Her Majesty the Queen in the highest esteem".[367][368] On the same day, a special sitting was held at the House of Parliament.[369] The governor read a special proclamation to mark the start of the Jubilee, and speeches were given by the speaker of the parliament, premier and the leader of the opposition.[367][368] A 70 seconds of moment of silence was observed across the Cayman Islands at 12:15 pm to mark seventy years since the passing of King George VI. During this time radio stations remained silent and bells were rung in many churches.[370][371] A Platinum Jubilee commemorative exhibit began on Commonwealth Day and will continue until the end of June in the foyer of the House of Parliament. The exhibition features historical photographs of the Queen's visits to the Cayman Islands, as well as royal memorabilia and Postal Service royal stamp issues.[372] The Cayman Platinum Cake Competition was launched on 1 March 2022 to find a dessert or cake to commemorate the Jubilee.[373] Nine finalists were invited to Government House on 28 April for a taste test by judges Lori-Ann Foley, Brittani Seymour, Elizabeth Larsen and Mark Lea. The winning recipe by Anne Frawley is called the "Cayman Sunrise Cake", which is adapted to include flavours and ingredients native to the Cayman Islands. The Cayman Sunrise Cake will be served at the Queen's Birthday Party on 6 June.[374] A Song and Jingle Competition for the Jubilee was launched by the Ministry of Youth, Sports, Culture & Heritage to find a song or a jingle that "exemplifies the celebration of 70 years of the Queen's reign". The competition is open to national songwriters, vocal recording artists and composers until 3 June. The winning three best entries will be announced on 11 June at the DART Park Amphitheatre.[372][375] The CI National Museum hosted a Jubilee themed Looky Ya! event on 14 May. The Cayman Islands Charity Auto Show will be held in downtown George Town on 16 May as part of the Jubilee celebrations. On 2 June, beacons will be lit on the grounds of Pedro St. James, in Grand Cayman and at the Christopher Columbus Gardens in Cayman Brac. An outdoor concert to celebrate the Jubilee will showcase performances from the National Choir and the National Orchestra in Grand Cayman, while musical performances will take place in the Brac.[367][368] On 3 June, an international air show will be held in Grand Cayman, as well as a live music concert in downtown George Town. Throughout the Jubilee weekend, trees will be planted across the Cayman Islands as part of The Queen's Green Canopy.[367][368] On 5 June, a Service of Thanksgiving for the Queen's reign will take place at Elmslie Memorial Church. On the same day, a children's tea party will be held at the Queen Elizabeth II Botanical Park.[367] On 6 June, Caymanians will celebrate the Queen's Birthday with the traditional parade and garden party at Government House, Cayman Islands. An evening fireworks display also will take place along Seven Mile Beach.[367][368] Falkland Islands Commemorative stamps were released by Falkland Islands on 24 March to mark the Jubilee.[376] Stanley, the capital of the Falkland Islands, was granted city status to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee. The islands' government said it was "over the moon" and would be "partying with the penguins".[377] There will be public holidays on 2 and 3 June in the Falkland Islands to celebrate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee. On 1 June, a reception will be held at the Town Hall to mark the Jubilee. On 2 June, frontline serving members of the Royal Falkland Islands Police, Falklands Fire & Rescue, Falkland Islands Defence Force, and other Falkland Islands emergency services will be awarded commemorative Platinum Jubilee medals at Government House. Beacon lighting will take place at Moody Brook and Government House. On 3 June, a Platinum Jubilee church service will be held at Christ Church Cathedral. On 4 June, community events and celebrations will take place at the Town Hall. On 5 June, a Platinum Jubilee cake competition will be held at the Town Hall.[378][379] Gibraltar The Queen has been, throughout Her life, an example to us all. Her presence as Queen of Gibraltar is felt keenly by all who are fortunate to live here. She has been our rock and stay over 70 years and remains in our hearts always.[380] Fabian Picardo, Chief Minister of Gibraltar, 2022 On Accession Day, the governor and the chief minister of Gibraltar issued statements and paid tribute to the Queen. The Union Flag was flown from the Moorish Castle throughout the day.[380][381] On 7 February, a gun salute was fired by the Royal Gibraltar Regiment from Grand Battery.[382] On 25 April, Gibraltar issued a set of commemorative stamps marking the Jubilee.[383] As in the UK, there will be a double bank holiday on 2 and 3 June to create a special four-day jubilee weekend of celebrations from 2 June to 5 June 2022.[384] On 2 June, a food festival Jubilita will take place at the three of Gibraltar's City Squares – the Theatre Royal Square, John Mackintosh Square and Campion Park. Jubilita will offer a historical trail through the Queen's reign, by offering dishes of different times.[385] On 4 June, a Jubilee street party will be held at Governor's Parade.[386] The Earl and Countess of Wessex will visit Gibraltar from 7 to 9 June 2022 to mark the Jubilee.[387] Gibraltar National Archives will organise a Platinum Jubilee exhibition at Gustavo Bacarisas Gallery from 7 June to 27 July 2022.[386] Montserrat In Montserrat, Platinum Jubilee celebrations began in the middle of May with radio quizzes. Medal ceremonies will take place between 13 to 30 May to honour uniformed personnel who have served 5 or more years within the Royal Montserrat Defence Force, Royal Police Service, Her Majesty's Prison and The Montserrat Fire and Rescue Services.[388] There will be public holidays on 2 and 3 June in Montserrat to celebrate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee.[389] At Little Bay, a Jubilee Beacon lighting ceremony will take place on June 2, which will take the form of an outdoor concert featuring national performances. On 3 June, a ceremonial parade will take place at Salem Park, followed by the Queen's Birthday Party on 4 June.[388] Tree Planting Ceremonies will take place at different locations across Montserrat in honour of the Jubilee.[388] Other activities include poetry and art competitions for children and social activities for various age categories.[388] Saint Helena The Governor of Saint Helena declared 3 June 2022 as an additional public holiday to celebrate the Jubilee.[390][391] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Commemorative stamps were released by South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands on 24 March to mark the Jubilee.[392] Tristan da Cunha Commemorative stamps were released by Tristan da Cunha on 24 March to mark the Jubilee.[393] Turks and Caicos Islands Governor Nigel Dakin approved an extra holiday on 6 June, throughout the Turks and Caicos Islands, to commemorate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee. In addition, the Queen's Birthday public holiday will be observed on June 3, rather than the usual 13 June, to offer a unique four-day weekend celebration. "The citizens and residents of the Turks and Caicos Islands will enjoy a special four-day weekend that will be unique to 2022's Jubilee celebration and will unite the islands in celebration with the greater Commonwealth to give tribute to Her Majesty's historic reign", a statement from the Governor's office said.[394] Planned Jubilee celebrations include events in Grand Turk, a tree planting ceremony, a beacon lighting ceremony and the Queen's Birthday Parade.[394] Platinum Jubilee medals will be awarded to public servants for their service over the years, as well as to the persons for 18, 25 and 30 years of service to the Crown.[394] Other countries Ceremony participants Plaque marking the ceremony A tree planting ceremony commemorating the Jubilee occurred in Žilina on 3 November 2021. Tree planting ceremonies took place in several countries as a part of the Queen's Green Canopy. On 3 October 2021, the Princess Royal planted a tree at the residence of the British Ambassador to France.[395] On 3 November 2021, Nigel Baker, the British Ambassador to Slovakia, planted a tree at a local park in Žilina, Slovakia; at the initiation of landscape architect Marek Sobola.[396][397][398] On 11 January 2022, the Countess of Wessex planted a tree at the British chancery in Qatar.[399] Azerbaijan On 16 May, the Queen was gifted with a Karabakh horse named "Shohret", and sculptures of a Karabakh horse called "Alkan" and a Dilbaz horse called "Galkhan", by the president of Azerbaijan for her Platinum Jubilee.[400][401] Cambodia To mark the Queen's Jubilee, the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the Kampot Provincial Administration, with the support of the British Embassy in Phnom Penh, planted 1,000 mangrove trees on 30 April as part of the Queen's Green Canopy in the Prek Tnoat Fishing Community and commune in Bokor Town, Kampot province.[402][403] China A Platinum Jubilee Dinner will take place on 2 June at The Hong Kong Club.[404] Italy A Jubilee Concert will take place at All Saints' Anglican Church, Rome, Italy on 5 June 2022. The New Chamber Singers and the All saints' Orchestra will perform music played at the Queen's coronation.[405] The Italian luxury brand Bulgari unveiled the Jubilee Emerald Garden high jewellery tiara which can be worn either as a headpiece or as a necklace.[406] Japan The British Embassy will plant a Platinum Jubilee tree, and continue the Queen's tradition who planted several oak trees in Japan during her visit in 1975. The embassy also plans to host a "Big Japan Jubilee Lunch" later in the year.[407] Ten hotels in Tokyo and Osaka will organise the "Platinum Jubilee Afternoon tea & Cake Competition", to organise a British-inspired afternoon tea and to create a cake that is "fit for a Queen". The finalists will be announced at The Queen's Birthday Party event at the British Embassy on 16 June 2022.[407] Republic of Ireland The Prince of Wales and the duch*ess of Cornwall visited the Republic of Ireland from 24 to 25 March to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee.[19] In County Waterford, the couple visited Waterford city centre, met with members of the Ukrainian community, toured a selection of museums and learned about the history of Reginald's Tower.[408] In County Tipperary, they toured a farmers market in Cahir, and visited Cahir Castle and the Rock of Cashel.[409] Romania On Accession Day, Margareta, Custodian of the Crown of Romania, sent a letter to the Queen.[410] The Romanian royal family plans to participate in several Platinum Jubilee events throughout the year.[411] A weeping hornbeam tree was also planted at Săvârșin Castle in Romania to commemorate the Jubilee.[412] On 18 February 2022, Margareta and Andrew Noble, the British Ambassador to Romania, unveiled a plaque at Săvârșin Castle to mark the tree planting in honour of the Jubilee.[412][411] Switzerland The British Embassy in Berne in collaboration with World Radio Switzerland have asked people across Switzerland to nominate people who have made outstanding contributions to the lives of others within Switzerland for "The Platinum Champions Awards". The awardees will be invited to the "Cheers for Volunteers" Jubilee Picnic, which will be held at the Ambassador's Residence in Berne on 5 June.[413] British Residents Association have planned a series of events across Switzerland during June to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee.[414][415] United Arab Emirates On 3 and 4 June, the Dubai-based ship Queen Elizabeth 2 will host gala dinners, variety shows, pub quizzes, afternoon tea and tours of the ship to celebrate the Jubilee.[416] United States of America Families from the British Embassy, Washington, planting trees along Massachusetts Avenue to mark the Queen's Jubilee, May 2022 On the Queen's 96th birthday, American toy manufacturing company Mattel released a Barbie doll bearing the Queen's likeness to commemorate her Platinum Jubilee.[417] The doll is fitted with an elegant ivory gown and blue ribbon adorned with decorations of order.[418] On 7 May, Walker Manor Bed and Breakfast, Texas, hosted a British-themed Royal Mother's Day Tea to celebrate the Jubilee.[419] In Williamsburg, Virginia, a 14-tune concert is planned in front of the Governor's Palace in Colonial Williamsburg on 2 June, after which a formal ceremony for the Jubilee will take place with trumpet fanfare, A Song for the Commonwealth, lighting of Jubilee beacons, and three tunes on bagpipes and drums.[420] From 2 June to 4 June, the Historical Society of Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania, plans to host a toy soldier display of more than 500 pieces depicting the Trooping the Colour, in commemoration of the Queen's Platinum Jubilee.[421] Luck Area Historical Society, Wisconsin, will host a light fare lunch on 4 June in honour of the Jubilee.[422] A Platinum Jubilee Evensong & Reception will take place on 5 June at Christ Church Episcopal, Greenville, South Carolina.[423] Traditional English Afternoon Tea is planned on 5 June, hosted by the Botanical Tea Room, Missouri.[424] See also Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II Ruby Jubilee of Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II Sapphire Jubilee of Elizabeth II List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign List of jubilees of British monarchs Notes King Louis XIV of France is considered the longest-reigning monarch in Canadian history, having reigned over New France for 72 years.[100] References "Queen's platinum jubilee: Extra-long May bank holiday announced for Queen's 2022 platinum jubilee". 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"The Cayman Platinum Cake Competition". GOV.KY. Retrieved 1 March 2022. "Platinum Cake Competition Declare Winner". GOV.KY. Retrieved 15 May 2022. "Queen's Platinum Jubilee Song/Jingle Competition". GOV.KY. Retrieved 15 May 2022. "Falkland Islands Stamps". British Pobjoy Mint Stamps. Retrieved 23 May 2022. "'Partying with penguins': joy as Falklands town wins coveted city status to mark the Queen's jubilee". The Guardian. 21 May 2022. "Commemoration and Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Falkland Islands". falklands.gov.fk. Retrieved 22 May 2022. "Platinum Jubilee Celebrations – Falkland Islands". platinumjubilee.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2022. "Gibraltar warmly and loyally congratulates Her Majesty the Queen on her Platinum Jubilee". Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar. 6 February 2022. "Gibraltar sends congratulations to Queen Elizabeth on Platinum Jubilee". GBC News. 6 February 2022. "Gibraltar 'warmly and loyally' congratulates the Queen on her Platinum Jubilee". Gibraltar Chronicle. 7 February 2022. "HM QE II Platinum Jubilee". Gibraltar Stamps. Retrieved 18 May 2022. "Double Bank Holiday to mark Platinum Jubilee". Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar. 3 June 2021. "JUBILITA: Celebration the Platinum Jubilee". Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar. 22 March 2022. "Platinum Jubilee of HM The Queen". Gibraltar Cultural Services. Retrieved 18 May 2022. "Prince Edward confirms Rock trip as he presents Royal Gibraltar Regiment with new colours". Gibraltar Chronicle. 31 March 2022. "Programme of activities planned for Queen's Platinum Jubilee celebrations on Montserrat". gov.ms. 12 May 2022. "Public Holidays to mark Queen's Platinum Jubilee". gov.ms. 19 April 2022. "HE Governor Declares Public Holiday To Celebrate The Queen's Platinum Jubilee". St Helena Government. Retrieved 7 February 2022. "Public Holidays Ordinance, 1945" (PDF). St Helena Government. Retrieved 7 February 2022. "South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Stamps". British Pobjoy Mint Stamps. Retrieved 23 May 2022. "Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II". Tristan da Cunha Stamps. Retrieved 21 May 2022. "TCI gets extra holiday to celebrate the Queen's Platinum Jubilee". Turks and Caicos Weekly News. 25 February 2022. Zatz, Sydney (5 October 2021). "Princess Anne wraps up her two-day trip to Paris". Royal Central. Retrieved 5 October 2021. "Dub letný 'Fastigiata'". Park Carla Gustava Swenssona (in Slovak). 21 October 2021. Retrieved 6 March 2022. Servare et Manere (6 November 2021). "The very first Platinum Jubilee Tree in Central Europe". Tree of peace / Strom pokoja. Retrieved 6 March 2022. "Mesto Žilina » Parky a lesoparky » Park C. G. Swenssona » Strom kráľovnej Alžbety II. — Žilina Gallery". zilina-gallery.sk. Retrieved 6 March 2022. "Court Circular". The Royal Family. "The Queen beams as she receives incredibly rare gift that's close to her heart". Woman & Home. Retrieved 19 May 2022. "Gift of Azerbaijani President presented to Queen Elizabeth II". APA.AZ. 16 May 2022. "Mangrove saplings planted in Kampot". The Phnom Penh Post. 1 May 2022. "UK in Cambodia on Twitter". 3 May 2022 – via Twitter. Hong Kong celebrates Commonwealth Day 2022 Jubilee Concert Davis, Jessica (22 April 2022). "Bulgari celebrates the Queen's Platinum Jubilee in style". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved 17 May 2022. "Platinum Jubilee Community Pack in Japan" (PDF). GOV.UK. 29 April 2022. "Royal visit: Prince Charles and Camilla in County Waterford". BBC. 24 March 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022. Michael, Neil (25 March 2022). "Prince Charles and Camilla visit Cahir Castle and farmers market on trip to Tipperary". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 26 March 2022. "Regina Elisabeta a II-a, 70 de ani de domnie". Casa Majestății Sale. 6 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022. "Ambasadorul Marii Britanii la Castelul Săvârșin". Casa Majestății Sale. 19 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022. "Romania's royals plant a tree for Elizabeth II's Jubilee". Royal Central. 20 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022. "Cheers for Volunteers". World Radio Switzerland. Retrieved 18 May 2022. "UK in Switzerland - British Embassy Berne on Facebook". UK in Switzerland - British Embassy Berne. 20 May 2022 – via Facebook. "Events Pro Archive". British Residents' Association of Switzerland. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. "Platinum jubilee: Dubai's QE2 to celebrate Queen Elizabeth II's reign". The National. 23 May 2022. "Queen gets her own Barbie for Platinum Jubilee". BBC News. 21 April 2022. https://inews.co.uk/news/how-to-buy-the-queen-barbie-doll-where-you-can-get-the-limited-edition-queen-elizabeth-barbie-in-the-uk-1586921 Royal Mothers Day Tea – Texas Queen's Platinum Jubilee in Williamsburg, Virginia USA Trooping of the Colour in miniature Queen's Tea Luncheon Platinum Jubilee Evensong & Reception Botanical Tea Room – Afternoon Tea fit for a Queen External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II. platinumjubilee.royal.uk, Royal website platinumjubilee.gov.au, Australian Government website governor.nsw.gov.au/government-house/queens-platinum-jubilee, Queen's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Governor of New South Wales events.premiers.qld.gov.au/platinum-jubilee, Queensland Government website platinumjubilee.gov.uk, British Government website canada.ca/platinum-jubilee, Canadian Government website (in English) canada.ca/jubile-platine, Canadian Government website (in French) ltgov.bc.ca/the-queens-platinum-jubilee, The Queen's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia lgontario.ca/en/queens-platinum-jubilee, The Queen's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario lgpei.ca/celebrating-queen-elizabeth-iis-platinum-jubilee, Celebrating Queen Elizabeth II's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island ltgov.sk.ca/platinumjubilee, The Queen's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan lt.gov.ns.ca/platinum-jubilee, Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia yukon.ca/en/commissionerofyukon/jubilee, Jubilee at the website of the Commissioner of Yukon gg.govt.nz/office-governor-general/queens-platinum-jubilee, The Queen's Platinum Jubilee at the website of the Governor-General of New Zealand gov.ky/jubilee, Cayman Islands Government website platinumjubilee.gg, States of Guernsey website vte Jubilees of British monarchs George III Golden Jubilee (1809) King's StatueJubilee RockJubilee Tower (Moel Famau) Victoria Golden Jubilee (1887) HonoursMedalPolice MedalClock Tower, WeymouthClock Tower, BrightonBustAdelaide Jubilee International Exhibition Diamond Jubilee (1897) HonoursMedalJubilee DiamondJubilee TowerCherries jubileeRecessional (poem)Cunningham Clock TowerDevonshire House Ball George V Silver Jubilee (1935) MedalSilver Jubilee (train)Silver Jubilee Railway Bridge BharuchThe King's StampCanadian silver dollarJubilee (musical) Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee (1977) EventsMedalHonoursJubilee GardensJubilee lineJubilee Walkway Ruby Jubilee (1992) Annus horribilisElizabeth R: A Year in the Life of the QueenQueen's Anniversary Prize Golden Jubilee (2002) Prom at the PalaceParty at the PalaceMedalHonoursJubilee OdysseyGreat British Trees Diamond Jubilee (2012) PageantArmed Forces Parade and MusterThames Pageant GlorianaSpirit of ChartwellConcertGibraltar FlotillaMedalHonours Sapphire 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She celebrated 70 years on the throne in June 2022 with her Platinum Jubilee. Who Was Queen Elizabeth II? Queen Elizabeth II became queen on February 6, 1952, and was crowned on June 2, 1953. She was the mother of Prince Charles, heir to the throne, as well as the grandmother of Princes William and Harry. As the longest-serving monarch in British history, she tried to make her reign more modern and sensitive to a changing public while maintaining traditions associated with the crown. Elizabeth died on September 8, 2022, at age 96. Early Life Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, to Prince Albert, Duke of York (later known as King George VI), and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. At the time of her birth, most people did not realize Elizabeth would someday become the queen of Great Britain. Elizabeth, nicknamed Lilibet, got to enjoy the first decade of her life with all the privileges of being a royal without the pressures of being the heir apparent. Elizabeth’s father and mother divided their time between a home in London and Royal Lodge, the family's home on the grounds of Windsor Great Park. Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaret were educated at home by tutors. Academic courses included French, mathematics and history, along with dancing, singing and art lessons. With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Elizabeth and her sister largely stayed out of London, having been relocated to Windsor Castle. From there she made the first of her famous radio broadcasts in 1940, with this particular speech reassuring the children of Britain who had been evacuated from their homes and families. The 14-year-old princess, showing her calm and firm personality, told them "that in the end, all will be well; for God will care for us and give us victory and peace." Elizabeth soon started taking on other public duties. Appointed colonel-in-chief of the Grenadier Guards by her father, Elizabeth made her first public appearance inspecting the troops in 1942. She also began to accompany her parents on official visits within Britain. In 1945, Elizabeth joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service to help in the war effort. She trained side-by-side with other British women to be an expert driver and mechanic. While her volunteer work only lasted a few months, it offered Elizabeth a glimpse into a different, non-royal world. She had another vivid experience outside of the monarchy when she and Margaret were allowed to mingle anonymously among the citizenry on Victory in Europe Day. PHOTOS: Elizabeth's Royal Childhood & Life Before Becoming Queen 1daughter of Their Royal Highnesses Duke and duch*ess of York, pic 1926 (Photo by Bob Thomas:Popperfoto:Getty Images) 13 GALLERY 13 IMAGES Ascension to the Crown When Elizabeth’s grandfather George V died in 1936, his eldest son (Elizabeth’s uncle) became King Edward VIII. Edward, however, was in love with American divorcée Wallis Simpson and had to choose between the crown and his heart. In the end, Edward chose Simpson and abdicated the crown. The event changed the course of her life, making her the heir presumptive to the British crown. Her father was crowned King George VI in 1937, taking on the name George to emphasize continuity with his father. Her mother became Queen Elizabeth; on King George's death in 1952, she became Queen Mother and her daughter became Queen Elizabeth II. PHOTOS: Queen Elizabeth II's Historical Coronation 1Queen Elizabeth II wearing a gown designed by Norman Hartnell for her Coronation ceremony. (Photo by Central Press:Getty Images) 10 GALLERY 10 IMAGES Coronation Elizabeth was crowned Queen Elizabeth II on June 2, 1953, in Westminster Abbey, at the age of 25. Elizabeth assumed the responsibilities of the ruling monarch on February 6, 1952, when her father, King George VI, died. For the first time ever, the coronation ceremony was broadcast on television, allowing people from across the globe to witness the pomp and spectacle of the event. Husband Prince Philip Elizabeth married her distant cousin Philip Mountbatten (a surname adopted from his mother's side) on November 20, 1947, at London's Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth first met Philip, son of Prince Andrew of Greece, when she was only 13. She was smitten with him from the start. The two kept in touch over the years and eventually fell in love. They made an unusual pair. Elizabeth was quiet and reserved while Philip was boisterous and outspoken. Her father, King George VI, was hesitant about the match because, while Mountbatten had ties to both the Danish and Greek royal families, he didn't possess great wealth and was considered by some to have a rough personality. At the time of their wedding, Great Britain was still recovering from the ravages of World War II, and Elizabeth collected clothing coupons to get fabric for her gown. The family took on the name Windsor, a move pushed by her mother and Prime Minister Winston Churchill which caused tension with her husband. In 1960, she reversed course, issuing orders that her descendants who did not carry royal titles (or needed last names for legal purposes such as weddings) would use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor. Over the years, Philip inspired numerous public relations headaches with his off-the-cuff, controversial comments and rumors of possible infidelities. Philip died on April 9, 2021, at age 99. Children Elizabeth and Philip wasted no time in producing an heir: Son Charles was born in 1948, the year after their wedding, and daughter Anne arrived in 1950. Elizabeth had two more children—sons Andrew and Edward—in 1960 and 1964, respectively. In 1969, she officially made Charles her successor by granting him the title of Prince of Wales. Hundreds of millions of people tuned in to see the ceremony on television. In 1981 32-year-old Charles wed 19-year-old Diana Spencer (best known as Princess Diana), with later rumors surfacing that he was pressured into the marriage by his family. The wedding drew enormous crowds in the streets of London and millions watched the proceedings on television. Public opinion of the monarchy was especially strong at that time. Grandchildren and Great-Grandchildren Charles and Diana gave birth to Elizabeth’s grandsons Prince William, who was created Duke of Cambridge upon his own marriage in 2011, second-in-line to the throne, in 1982, and Prince Harry in 1984. Elizabeth has emerged as a devoted grandmother to William and Harry. Prince William has said that she offered invaluable support and guidance as he and Kate Middleton planned their 2011 wedding. On July 22, 2013, Elizabeth's grandson William and his wife Catherine, the duch*ess of Cambridge, welcomed their first child, George Alexander Louis—a successor to the throne known officially as "His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge." On May 2, 2015, William and Kate welcomed their second child, Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, the queen's fifth great-grandchild. On April 23, 2018, they followed with their third child, Prince Louis Arthur Charles. On May 6, 2019, Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex and his wife, Meghan Markle, gave the queen another great-grandchild with the birth of their son, Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor. In addition to Prince William and Prince Harry, the queen’s other grandchildren are Peter Phillips, Princess Beatrice of York; Princess Eugenie of York; Zara Tindall; Lady Louise Windsor; and James, Viscount Severn. She was also a great-grandmother to 10. Family Tree Elizabeth II’s father and mother were known as the Duke and duch*ess of York. Her father, Prince Albert, Duke of York, was the second son of Queen Mary and King George V. Her mother was Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Elizabeth had ties with most of the monarchs in Europe. Her British ancestors include Queen Victoria (ruled 1837 to 1901) and King George III (ruled 1760 to 1820). Reign Elizabeth's long and mainly peaceful reign was marked by vast changes in her people's lives, in her country's power, how Britain is viewed abroad and how the monarchy is regarded and portrayed. As a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth did not weigh in on political matters, nor did she reveal her political views. However, she confers regularly with her prime ministers. When Elizabeth became queen, post-war Britain still had a substantial empire, dominions and dependencies. However, during the 1950s and 1960s, many of these possessions achieved independence and the British Empire evolved into the Commonwealth of Nations. Elizabeth II thus made visits to other countries as head of the Commonwealth and a representative of Britain, including a groundbreaking trip to Germany in 1965. She became the first British monarch to make a state visit there in more than five decades. During the 1970s and 1980s, Elizabeth continued to travel extensively. In 1973 she attended the Commonwealth Conference in Ottawa, Canada, and in 1976 traveled to the United States for the 200th-anniversary celebration of America’s independence from Britain. More than a week later she was in Montreal, Canada, to open the Summer Olympics. In 1979, she traveled to Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, which garnered international attention and widespread respect. In 1982, Elizabeth worried about her second son, Prince Andrew, who served as a helicopter pilot in the British Royal Navy during the Falklands War. Britain went to war with Argentina over the Falkland Islands, a clash that lasted for several weeks. While more than 250 British soldiers died in the conflict, Prince Andrew returned home safe and well, much to his mother's relief. In 2011, Elizabeth showed that the crown still had symbolic and diplomatic power when she became the first British monarch to visit the Republic of Ireland since 1911 (when all of Ireland was still part of the United Kingdom). Scroll to Continue READ NEXT NEW YORK, NY - OCTOBER 05: Actor Jonny Lee Miller attends the "Elementary" panel during 2013 PaleyFest: Made In New York at The Paley Center for Media on October 5, 2013 in New York City. (Photo by Ilya S. Savenok/Getty Images) Jonny Lee Miller (1972–) Aaron Judge #99 of the New York Yankees poses during Photo Day on Thursday, February 20, 2020 at George M. Steinbrenner Field in Tampa, Florida. (Photo by Mike Carlson/MLB Photos via Getty Images) Aaron Judge (1992–) Myrlie-Evers-Williams-205624-1-402 Myrlie Evers-Williams (1933–) As queen, Elizabeth modernized the monarchy, dropping some of its formalities and making certain sites and treasures more accessible to the public. As Britain and other nations struggled financially, Britain abolished the Civil List in 2012, which was a public funding system of the monarchy dating back roughly 250 years. The royal family continues to receive some government support, but the queen cut back on spending. Despite the occasional call to step aside for Charles, Elizabeth remained steadfast in her royal obligations as she passed her 90th birthday. She continued making more than 400 engagements per year, maintaining her support of hundreds of charitable organizations and programs. However, in late 2017 the monarchy took what was considered a major step toward transitioning to the next generation: On November 12, Charles handled the traditional Remembrance Sunday duty of placing a wreath at the Cenotaph war memorial, as the queen watched from a nearby balcony. In August 2019, Elizabeth made a rare intrusion into political matters when she agreed to a request by Prime Minister Boris Johnson to prorogue (suspend) Parliament until October 14, less than three weeks before Britain's planned departure from the European Union. Relationship With Prime Ministers Elizabeth had 15 prime ministers placed into power during her reign, with queen and PM having a weekly, confidential meeting. (Elizabeth also met about a quarter of all the U.S. presidents in history, most recently receiving Joe Biden for a state visit in June 2021.) She enjoyed a father-figure relationship with the iconic Winston Churchill and was later able to loosen up a bit and be somewhat informal with Labour leaders Harold Wilson and James Callaghan. In contrast, she and Margaret Thatcher had a very formal, distant relationship, with the PM tending to be a grating lecturer to the queen on a variety of issues. Tony Blair saw certain concepts around the monarchy as somewhat outdated, though he did appreciate Elizabeth making a public statement after the death of Diana. Later, Conservative leader David Cameron, who is Elizabeth's fifth cousin removed, enjoyed a warm rapport with the queen. He apologized in 2014 for revealing in a conversation that she was against the Scottish referendum to seek independence from Great Britain. Theresa May was described as being tight-lipped about Brexit plans to leave the European Union, with a rumor circulating that Elizabeth was perturbed over not being informed about future exit strategies. Threats to Queen Elizabeth and the Royal Family Elizabeth worked tirelessly to protect the image of the monarchy and to prepare for its future. But she saw the monarchy come under attack during her lifetime. The once-revered institution weathered a number of storms, including death threats against the royal family. In 1979, Elizabeth suffered a significant personal loss when Lord Mountbatten, her husband's uncle, died in a terrorist bombing. Mountbatten and several members of his family were aboard his boat on August 27th, off the west coast of Ireland, when the vessel exploded. He and three others, including one of his grandsons, were killed. The IRA (Irish Republican Army), which opposed British rule in Northern Ireland, took responsibility for the attack. In June 1981, Elizabeth herself had a dangerous encounter. She was riding in the Trooping the Colour, a special military parade to celebrate her official birthday when a man in the crowd pointed a gun at her. He fired, but, fortunately, the gun was loaded with blanks. Other than receiving a good scare, the queen was not hurt. Elizabeth had an even closer call the following year when an intruder broke into Buckingham Palace and confronted her in her bedroom. When the press got wind of the fact that Prince Philip was nowhere to be seen during this incident, they speculated about the state of the royal marriage. PHOTOS: Queen Elizabeth in the Military GettyImages-117967634 5 GALLERY 5 IMAGES Tabloid Scandals The marriage of Elizabeth’s son, Charles, to Diana made headlines for years before the couple announced their separation in 1992, followed by their formal divorce in 1996. In the wake of Diana's death in a Paris car crash on August 31, 1997, Elizabeth experienced intense media scrutiny. Her incredibly popular ex-daughter-in-law had been called the “People's Princess.” The queen was at her Balmoral estate in Scotland with Charles and his and Diana's two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry, at the time. For days, Elizabeth remained silent while the country mourned Diana's passing, and she was sharply criticized for her lack of response. Stories circulated that the queen did not want to give Diana a royal funeral, which only fueled public sentiment against the monarch. Nearly a week after Diana's death, Elizabeth returned to London and issued a statement on the late princess. Elizabeth also initially objected to the relationship between her son Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles. Charles and Camilla had dated years before he met his family, but the relationship ended under family pressure, only to resume during Charles and Diana’s marriage. Known to be a stickler for ceremony and tradition, she eventually showed signs of softening her stance over the years. When Charles and Camilla wed in 2005, Elizabeth and Prince Philip did not attend the civil ceremony but attended a religious blessing and held a reception in their honor at Windsor Castle. In 1992, another of Elizabeth’s children, Prince Andrew, ended up in the tabloids, after photos emerged of his wife Sarah Ferguson and another man engaged in romantic activity. The couple divorced soon after. In November 2017, the media reported the queen had some $13 million invested in offshore accounts. The news came following the leak of the so-called "Paradise Papers" to a German newspaper, which shared the documents with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. The Duchy of Lancaster, which holds assets for the queen, confirmed that some of its investments were overseas accounts, but insisted they were all legitimate. Also in 2017, the former owner of the lingerie company Rigby & Peller, which had serviced Elizabeth for more than 50 years, wrote a tell-all autobiography that included some of her experiences with the royal family. Although the author insisted that "the book doesn’t contain anything naughty," the queen responded in early 2018 by revoking Rigby & Peller's royal warrant. In 2019, following years of scandal surrounding his controversial business pursuits and friendship with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, Prince Andrew was forced to step down from public duties, following a media firestorm. Just weeks later, in January 2020, the family again found themselves in the spotlight, following the bombshell decision by the Duke and duch*ess of Sussex to step away from their roles as senior royals. Personal Losses After the start of the 21st century, Elizabeth experienced two great losses. She said goodbye to both her sister Margaret and her mother in 2002, the same year she celebrated her Golden Jubilee or 50th year on the throne. Margaret, known for being more of an adventurous soul than other royals and who was barred from marrying an early love, died in February after suffering a stroke. Only a few weeks later, Elizabeth's mother, known as the Queen Mother, died at Royal Lodge on March 30th at the age of 101. Diamond Jubilee Elizabeth celebrated her Diamond Jubilee in 2012, marking 60 years as queen. As part of the jubilee festivities, a special BBC concert was held on June 4th featuring the likes of Shirley Bassey, Paul McCartney, Tom Jones, Stevie Wonder and Kylie Minogue. Elizabeth was surrounded by family at this historic event, including her husband Philip, son Charles and grandsons Harry and William. On September 9, 2015, she surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria as Britain's longest-ruling monarch, who reigned for 63 years. Sapphire Jubilee On February 6, 2017, the queen celebrated 65 years on the throne, the only British monarch to ever celebrate her Sapphire Jubilee. The date also marks the anniversary of the death of her father. The queen chose to spend the day quietly at Sandringham, her country estate north of London, where she attended a church service. In London, there were royal gun salutes at Green Park and at the Tower of London to mark the occasion. The Royal Mint also issued eight new commemorative coins in honor of the queen's Sapphire Jubilee. Platinum Jubilee In 2022, the nation celebrated Elizabeth's platinum jubilee year. She was the first British monarch to reach that milestone, which marks 70 years on the throne. Elizabeth died peacefully at her Balmoral estate on September 8, 2022. She was 96 years old. Hobbies For much of her life, the queen surrounded herself with dogs. She was especially known for her love of corgis, owning more than 30 descendants of the first corgi she received as a teenager, until the death of the final one, Willow, in 2018. Elizabeth was also a horse enthusiast who bred thoroughbreds and attended racing events for many years. Not one for the spotlight, Elizabeth liked quiet pastimes. She enjoyed reading mysteries, working on crossword puzzles and, reportedly, even watching wrestling on television.

  • Condition: In Excellent Condition
  • Denomination: Commerative
  • Year of Issue: 2012
  • Number of Pieces: 1
  • Time Period: 2000s
  • Collection: Tower of London
  • Fineness: 0.5
  • Features: Commemorative
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom
  • Country of Origin: Great Britain
  • Colour: Silver

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